The Serious Risks of Having O Negative Blood Group In Pregnancy: Maternal Treasures


Hello Mamas and dads to be! How are you doing? I want to share with you the serious risk of having the blood type of O positive. Blood grouping in pregnancy is very important. Many pregnant women are not aware of the dangers of having a blood type of O positive. There are four blood types which include type O, A, B, AB . Each one of us have one of these blood group. Do you know which type you have? When it comes to blood transfusion. It is very important to know the type of blood anyone has who is giving or receiving it. This post contains affiliate links. As an associate, I would earn a small commission if you make a purchase. Thank you for your consideration.

Having worked 36 years in the medical field, I understand the problems that pregnant women can face if this condition is untreated.

What are the different types of blood groupings?

All humans have an O, A, B, or AB blood type, as well as a positive or negative Rh factor. The blood type and Rh factor simply describe the characteristics of a person’s blood. Proteins on red blood cells and in bodily fluids reveal the blood type. The Rh factor is a protein present on the red blood cell’s outer layer. If the Rh factor protein is found on the cells, the person is said to have a decrease in the Rh factor. ( Promotional link).

Genetics play a major role

Rh factors are determined by genetics. A baby might have either parent’s blood type and Rh factor, or a mixture of both. Rh factors have a shared genetic inheritance pattern. The Rh-positive gene is dominant (stronger), and it takes precedence even when combined with a Rh-negative gene. The universal red cell donor has Type O negative blood.

A mother and baby’s blood can cause major problems.

  • If a mother has O negative blood and her baby is positive, this can cause many problems for the unborn baby.
  • Mothers who are pregnant and have O negative blood type, run the risk of their babies having jaundice and severe anemia.
  • Anemia is a below normal iron level in the blood. We need iron to take blood and nutrients to keep our cells heathy.
  • This can make the baby’s red blood cells swell and rupture.
  • This is known as hemolytic or Rh disease of the newborn. It can make a baby’s blood count get very low.
  • Babies may also need blood transfusion since the red blood cells are destroyed so rapidly.

O negative blood is the universal donor

O negative is the blood type that ca only receive from negative persons but can give blood to all of the other blood groups

Do you know what it means when it is said that O Negative blood is the universal donor? What is the reason behind this? Any blood type can be transfused with O negative blood. Because type O is the most prevalent blood type and type O negative blood is the universal blood type needed for emergency transfusions and immune weak babies, type O is frequently in low supply and in great demand by hospitals.( Promotional link).

What to expect from your blood test


One of the first tests a pregnant woman should expect is a blood-type test. This test checks her blood type and Rh factor. Her Rh factor may play a role in her baby’s health, so it’s important to know this information early in pregnancy.

What if parents are not agreeable?

When a mother-to-be and father-to-be are not both positive or negative for Rh factor, it’s called Rh incompatibility.

When is the baby in trouble?

Until the mother’s second or subsequent pregnancies, Rh antibodies are harmless. Her Rh antibodies will detect the Rh proteins on the surface of the baby’s blood cells as alien if she ever has another Rh-positive kid. Her antibodies will enter the circulation of the infant and fight those cells.

How Is Rhesus Incompatibility treated?

Rhogram is the treament given to prevent problems later with mother & baby’s blood

Doctors give a pregnant woman a course of two Rh immune-globulin shots during her first pregnancy if she has the risk of developing Rh incompatibility. The first shot will be given during the 28th week of pregnancy, and the second dose will be given within 72 hours after the baby’s delivery. Rh immune-globulin works like a vaccination. It stops the mother’s body from producing Rh antibodies, which might lead to major health problems.

A woman also might get a dose of Rh immune-globulin if she has a miscarriage, an amniocentesis, or any bleeding during pregnancy.

If a doctor finds that a woman has already developed Rh antibodies, her pregnancy will be closely watched to make sure that those levels are not too high.

In rare cases, if the incompatibility is severe and a baby is in danger, the baby can get special blood transfusions called exchange transfusions either before birth (intrauterine fetal transfusions) or after delivery.

Blood containing Rh-negative blood cells is substituted for the baby’s blood in exchange transfusions. This helps to maintain red blood cell levels while also limiting the harm caused by Rh antibodies already present in the baby’s circulation. ( Promotional link).
Exchange transfusions in Rh-incompatible pregnancies are seldom needed in the United States, thanks to the high success rate of Rh immune-globulin vaccinations.

Recommendations for all pregnant women

If you’re not sure what your Rh factor is and believe you’re pregnant, it’s critical to begin routine prenatal care as soon as possible, which should include blood-type testing. You may focus on more essential things, like welcoming a new, healthy baby, if Rh incompatibility is detected and treated early. You baby’s life depends on this. If not treated you run the risk of hurting your baby.

Bottom line

Having o negative blood during pregnancy can pose many problems for the unborn baby. If a women is aware of this condition, she can become the gate keeper for her baby by not only knowing about the baby, but also be aware of what is expected during 28th week of pregnancy and 72 hours after birth. I wish you a safe, and happy pregnancy. Dads continue to support your women at all times. She needs it.

Infertility: A Cause For Concern


Infertility can create so much conflict in relationships

Infertility is a condition that affects 10-15% of couples in the United States. Many couples are busy trying to find ways to have a baby.

Infertility is defined as not being able to get pregnant despite having frequent, unprotected sex for at least a year for most couples.

Infertility may result from an issue with either you or your partner, or a combination of factors that prevent pregnancy. Fortunately, there are many safe and effective therapies that significantly improve your chances of getting pregnant. We will discuss them here in this post.

The main symptom of infertility is that you do not get pregnant. There may be no other obvious symptoms. Sometimes, a woman with infertility may have irregular or absent menstrual periods. In some cases, a man with infertility may have some signs of hormonal problems, such as changes in hair growth or sexual function.

Most couples will eventually conceive, with or without treatment

Is infertility a male or female issue?

Couples can often become overwhelmed & begin the blame game which does not help

Infertility results from female factors about one-third of the time and male factors about one-third of the time. The cause is either unknown or a combination of male and female factors in the remaining cases.

Female infertility causes can be difficult to diagnose. There are many available treatments, which will depend on the cause of infertility. Many infertile couples will go on to conceive a child without treatment. After trying to get pregnant for two years, about 95 percent of couples successfully conceive.

Many couples struggle with infertility and seek help to become pregnant, but it is often thought of as only a woman’s condition. However, in about 35% of couples with infertility, a male factor is identified along with a female factor. In about 8% of couples with infertility, a male factor is the only identifiable cause.

Almost 9% of men aged 25 to 44 years in the United States reported that they or their partner saw a doctor for advice, testing, or treatment for infertility during their lifetime.

What is the ratio of infertility?

An estimated 1 in 10 women between the ages of 15 and 44 have trouble conceiving.

Women who have pregnancy problems may lose the baby:

What are the 2 types of infertility?

Types of infertility include:

  • Primary: A woman who was never pregnant and who can’t conceive after one year of not using birth control.
  • Secondary: Secondary infertility occurs when a woman can’t get pregnant again after having at least one successful pregnancy.

What are risk factors for infertility in all genders?

These factors increase the risk of infertility in all genders:

How is infertility managed in medicine?

Infertility can be treated with medicine, surgery, intrauterine insemination, or assisted reproductive technology

Often, medication and intrauterine insemination are used at the same time. Doctors recommend specific treatments for infertility on the basis of

  • The factors contributing to the infertility.
  • The duration of the infertility.
  • The age of the female.
  • The couple’s treatment preference after counseling about success rates, risks, and benefits of each treatment option.

What are some of the causes of infertility in women?

Infertility issues in women can be many. In order for women to conceive, they must be able to have working ovaries, fallopian tubes . Conditions affecting any one of these organs can contribute to female infertility. Some of these conditions are listed below and can be evaluated using a number of different tests.

Disruption of ovarian function (presence or absence of ovulation (anovulation) and effects of ovarian “age”)

A woman with irregular periods is likely not ovulating.

How is ovulation predicted?

Ovulation can be predicted by using an ovulation predictor kit and can be confirmed by a blood test to check the woman’s progesterone level on day 21 of her menstrual cycle. Although several tests exist to evaluate a woman’s ovarian function, no single test is a perfect predictor of fertility. The most commonly used markers of ovarian function include follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) value on day 3 to 5 of the menstrual cycle, anti-müllerian hormone value (AMH), and antral follicle count (AFC) using a transvaginal ultrasound.

Disruptions in ovarian function may be caused by several conditions and warrants an evaluation by a doctor.

What are some of the reasons for female infertility?

I tried to keep it simple so you can understand.

Each of these factors is essential to become pregnant:

  • You need to ovulate. To get pregnant, your ovaries must produce and release an egg, a process known as ovulation. Your doctor can help evaluate your menstrual cycles and confirm ovulation.
  • Your partner needs sperm. For most couples, this isn’t a problem unless your partner has a history of illness or surgery. Your doctor can run some simple tests to evaluate the health of your partner’s sperm.
  • You need to have regular intercourse. You need to have regular sexual intercourse during your fertile time. Your doctor can help you better understand when you’re most fertile.
  • You need to have open fallopian tubes and a normal uterus. The egg and sperm meet in the fallopian tubes, and the embryo needs a healthy uterus in which to grow.

For pregnancy to occur, every step of the human reproduction process has to happen correctly. The steps in this process are:

  • One of the two ovaries releases a mature egg.
  • The egg is picked up by the fallopian tube.
  • Sperm swim up the cervix, through the uterus and into the fallopian tube to reach the egg for fertilization.
  • The fertilized egg travels down the fallopian tube to the uterus.
  • The fertilized egg implants and grows in the uterus.

In women, a number of factors can disrupt this process at any step. Female infertility is caused by one or more of the factors below.

Ovulation disorders

Ovulation disorders, meaning you ovulate infrequently or not at all, account for infertility in about 1 in 4 infertile couples. Problems with the regulation of reproductive hormones by the hypothalamus or the pituitary gland, or problems in the ovary, can cause ovulation disorders.

  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). PCOS causes a hormone imbalance, which affects ovulation. PCOS is associated with insulin resistance and obesity, abnormal hair growth on the face or body, and acne. It’s the most common cause of female infertility.
  • Hypothalamic dysfunction. Two hormones produced by the pituitary gland are responsible for stimulating ovulation each month — follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). Excess physical or emotional stress, a very high or very low body weight, or a recent substantial weight gain or loss can disrupt production of these hormones and affect ovulation. Irregular or absent periods are the most common signs.
  • Premature ovarian failure. Also called primary ovarian insufficiency, this disorder is usually caused by an autoimmune response or by premature loss of eggs from your ovary (possibly from genetics or chemotherapy). The ovary no longer produces eggs, and it lowers estrogen production in women under the age of 40.
  • Too much prolactin. The pituitary gland may cause excess production of prolactin (hyperprolactinemia), which reduces estrogen production and may cause infertility. Usually related to a pituitary gland problem, this can also be caused by medications you’re taking for another disease.

Damage to fallopian tubes (tubal infertility)

Damaged or blocked fallopian tubes keep sperm from getting to the egg or block the passage of the fertilized egg into the uterus. Causes of fallopian tube damage or blockage can include:

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease, an infection of the uterus and fallopian tubes due to chlamydia, gonorrhea or other sexually transmitted infections
  • Previous surgery in the abdomen or pelvis, including surgery for ectopic pregnancy, in which a fertilized egg implants and develops in a fallopian tube instead of the uterus
  • Pelvic tuberculosis, a major cause of tubal infertility worldwide, although uncommon in the United States

Endometriosis

White endometriosis

Endometriosis occurs when tissue that normally grows in the uterus implants and grows in other locations. This extra tissue growth — and the surgical removal of it — can cause scarring, which may block fallopian tubes and keep an egg and sperm from uniting.

Endometriosis can also affect the lining of the uterus, disrupting implantation of the fertilized egg. The condition also seems to affect fertility in less-direct ways, such as damage to the sperm or egg.

Uterine or cervical causes

Several uterine or cervical causes can impact fertility by interfering with implantation or increasing the likelihood of a miscarriage:

  • Benign polyps or tumors (fibroids or myomas) are common in the uterus. Some can block fallopian tubes or interfere with implantation, affecting fertility. However, many women who have fibroids or polyps do become pregnant.
  • Endometriosis scarring or inflammation within the uterus can disrupt implantation.
  • Uterine abnormalities present from birth, such as an abnormally shaped uterus, can cause problems becoming or remaining pregnant.
  • Cervical stenosis, a narrowing of the cervix, can be caused by an inherited malformation or damage to the cervix.
  • Sometimes the cervix can’t produce the best type of mucus to allow the sperm to travel through the cervix into the uterus.

Unexplained infertility

Many unknown cases have somehow resolved on its own

Sometimes, the cause of infertility is never found. A combination of several minor factors in both partners could cause unexplained fertility problems. Although it’s frustrating to get no specific answer, this problem may correct itself with time. But, you shouldn’t delay treatment for infertility. Seek specialized help to get to the root of this problem.

More Information

Risk factors

Certain factors may put you at higher risk of infertility, including:

  • Age. The quality and quantity of a woman’s eggs begin to decline with increasing age. In the mid-30s, the rate of follicle loss speeds, resulting in fewer and poorer quality eggs. This makes conception more difficult, and increases the risk of miscarriage.
  • Smoking. Besides damaging your cervix and fallopian tubes, smoking increases your risk of miscarriage and ectopic pregnancy. It’s also thought to age your ovaries and deplete your eggs prematurely. Stop smoking before beginning fertility treatment.
  • Weight. Being overweight or significantly underweight may affect normal ovulation. Getting to a healthy body mass index (BMI) may increase the frequency of ovulation and likelihood of pregnancy.
  • Sexual history. Sexually transmitted infections such as chlamydia and gonorrhea can damage the fallopian tubes. Having unprotected intercourse with multiple partners increases your risk of a sexually transmitted infection that may cause fertility problems later.
  • Alcohol. Stick to moderate alcohol consumption of no more than one alcoholic drink per day.

Prevention

If you believe in the power of prayer, it can change everything!

For women thinking about getting pregnant soon or in the future, these tips may help optimize fertility:

  • Maintain a normal weight. Overweight and underweight women are at increased risk of ovulation disorders. If you need to lose weight, exercise moderately. Strenuous, intense exercise of more than five hours a week has been associated with decreased ovulation.
  • Quit smoking. Tobacco has multiple negative effects on fertility, not to mention your general health and the health of a fetus. If you smoke and are considering pregnancy, quit now.
  • Avoid alcohol. Heavy alcohol use may lead to decreased fertility. And any alcohol use can affect the health of a developing fetus. If you’re planning to become pregnant, avoid alcohol, and don’t drink alcohol while you’re pregnant.
  • Reduce stress. Some studies have shown that couples experiencing psychological stress had poorer results with infertility treatment. If you can, find a way to reduce stress in your life before trying to become pregnant.
  • Limit caffeine. Research suggests that limiting caffeine intake to less than 200 milligrams a day shouldn’t affect your ability to get pregnant. That’s about one to two cups of 6 to 8 ounces of coffee per day.

What are some of the reasons for male infertility?

These factors can cause male infertility:

Bottom Line

Unfortunately infertility is a part of our society. The most important thing is for couples to take good care of themselves ensuring that they are doing those things that would give them a head start in beginning the process. Many couples are desperately trying to find ways to make their dream of having a baby a reality. If you are reading this and are experiencing this condition, I truly hope that you get good results in your quest. Remember not to blame your partner because both of you can be having issues that contribute to not getting pregnant. I say still trust in God to give you the desires of your heart. Thanks for stopping by today. and do visit again. Feel free to comment or ask a question below.

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Breastfeeding and Weaning: The Perfect Guide


Weaning is a term that is used to describe a child stopping from breastfeeding to feeding from a cup , bottle or solid food.

Many mothers think that weaning their child from breastfeeding is such a great task. No Mamas it is not. Lets find out how to choose the right time and what you can do to ease your child’s transition to the bottle or cup.

The Types of Weaning

There are multiple methods and types of weaning, pick the one that’s best for you and your baby:

  • Baby-led weaning: Sometimes a baby stops breastfeeding on his own. However, young infants rarely wean themselves. True self-weaning is usually gradual and happens after a child is a year old. 
  • Gradual weaning: Gradual weaning a slow weaning process. It takes place over weeks, months, or years.
  • Partial weaning: Partial weaning is a great alternative if you can’t breastfeed exclusively but you don’t want to give up on breastfeeding altogether.2
  • Sudden weaning: Sudden weaning is the quick end of breastfeeding.
  • Temporary weaning: Temporary weaning is when breastfeeding is stopped for a short period then restarted. A mother may temporarily wean her child if she has a health issue or needs surgery.2 (Paid link here).

When’s the best time to start weaning?

When to begin weaning is a personal choice

Sometimes it’s the mom who chooses when to start weaning, and sometimes the baby leads the process. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends exclusive breast-feeding for the first six months after birth — and breast-feeding in combination with solids foods until at least age 1. Breast-feeding is recommended as long as you and your baby wish to continue.

When to start weaning your child is a personal decision. It’s often easiest to begin weaning when your baby starts the process. Changes in breast-feeding patterns leading to eventual weaning often begin naturally at age 6 months, when solid foods are typically introduced. Some children begin to seek other forms of nutrition and comfort at around age 1. By this age, children typically eat a variety of solid foods and are able to drink from a cup. Other children might not initiate weaning until they become toddlers, when they’re less willing to sit still during breast-feeding.

You might also decide when to start the weaning process yourself. This might be more difficult than following your child’s lead — but can be done with extra care and sensitivity.

Whenever you start weaning your baby from the breast, focus on your child’s needs as well as your own. Resist comparing your situation with that of other families, and consider rethinking any deadlines you might have set for weaning when you were pregnant or when your baby was a newborn.

Is There Is A Time I Should Delay Weaning?

Consider NOT weaning your child if the environment is not right

Consider delaying weaning if:

  • You’re concerned about allergens. If you or your child’s father has food allergies, consider delaying weaning until after your child turns age 1. Research suggests that exposing a child to potential allergens while breast-feeding might decrease his or her risk of developing allergies. Talk to your child’s doctor.
  • Your child isn’t feeling well. If your child is ill or teething, postpone weaning until he or she feels better. You might also postpone weaning if you’re not feeling well. You’re both more likely to handle the transition well if you’re in good health.
  • A major change has occurred. Avoid initiating weaning during a time of major change. If your family has recently moved or your child care situation has changed, for example, postpone weaning until a less stressful time. If your baby is struggling with the weaning process, consider trying again in a month or two.

How Do I Begin Weaning?

Consider weaning the right way

Slowly tapering off how long and how often you breast-feed each day — over the course of weeks or months — will cause your milk supply to gradually diminish and prevent engorgement. It might be easiest to drop a midday breast-feeding session first. After a lunch of solid food, your child might become interested in an activity and naturally give up this session. Once you’ve dropped one feeding, you can work on dropping another.(Paid link here).

Should I refuse feedings during the weaning process?

Refusing to breast-feed when your child wants to nurse can increase your child’s focus on the activity. If your child wants to nurse, go ahead. Then, continue working to distract him or her with new foods, activities and sources of reassurance — such as a favorite stuffed animal — around the times of your typical breast-feeding sessions.

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What about nutrition after weaning?

If you wean your child from breastfeeding before age 1, use expressed breast milk or iron-fortified formula. Don’t give your child cow’s milk until after his or her first birthday.

You can wean your child to a bottle and then a cup or directly to a cup. When introducing your child to a bottle, choose a time when he or she isn’t extremely hungry and might have more patience. Use a bottle nipple with a slow flow at first. If you use a bottle nipple with a fast flow, your child might become accustomed to that and get frustrated with the pacing and different flow rate of milk during breast-feeding.

How long does weaning take? Really!

Weaning could take days, weeks or months. Even after you successfully wean your child from day feedings, you might continue to breast-feed in the morning and before your child’s bedtime to keep up that feeling of closeness.

Breast-feeding is an intimate experience. You might have mixed emotions about letting go. But by taking a gradual approach to weaning — and offering lots of affection — you can help your child make a smooth transition to a bottle or cup. This worked well for me. It was pretty easy for my kids to wean from the breast. When I showed disinterest, they also became disinterested. (Paid link here).

Bottom Line

So we know that weaning is the process of exchanging breast for bottle, cup use, or solid foods. Additionally, there are different types of weaning. Knowing the best time to do it and begin is very important. There are certain circumstances when weaning should be delayed. Mamas it is Ok to slip some breastfeeding in once in a while if baby wants to. Remember patience is the key.

Thank you for stopping by today . I have some affiliate links in the post to help give you some convivence in your shopping needs. I will receive a small commission at no extra cost to you. Remember to ask God to help you as you go through every process in your life. He told us that “In all your ways acknowledge Him, and He shall direct your path”. I ask Him and get good results. I hope your breastfeeding weaning experience be a really great one. I wish you every success. Do visit again. I would love to hear from you in the comments below.

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