Breastfeeding And Sleep:8 Tips To Embrace the Benefits


Getting your partner to help can give you so much comfort to sleep

Oh me Mama! I remember 26 years ago, my last postpartum journey. It was different but similar to the other three postpartum. After coming home from the hospital, I was tired, sleepy, tired, and just wanted a good sleep. Can any of you identify with me? Did you know that breastfeeding provides moms and babies with the benefit of better sleep? Breastfeeding helps babies fall asleep quickly any time of the day or night due to the rhythmic action of sucking and the sleep inducing hormones in breast milk which help establish their circadian rhythms—their internal body clocks affecting sleeping and eating cycles 1.

Sleep deprivation is a documented form of torture, and a new parent can probably attest to that. While these newborn days seem like they will never end, before you know it, your baby will be sleeping through the night and these restless days and nights will be a distant memory. But until then, here are 10 tips for getting through this time and actually enjoying it.

Breastfeeding and sleep often overlap in the early weeks, when your baby spends more time asleep than awake. Dozing off mid-feed and waking for more milk a short time later is normal for newborns.

You can carry on breastfeeding your baby to sleep, and feed him back to sleep during the night, for as long as you’re happy to. Many mums find that breastfeeding to sleep, especially at night, is a lovely way to get close to their baby and have some uninterrupted time together.

As your baby gets older and feeds less often, you may decide to stop feeding him to sleep so he can get used to settling himself. Some parents find that if their baby feeds until he sleeps, he starts to link the two. That can make things more difficult if you start trying to cut down on night feeds or if you’re getting him into a bedtime routine.

If you want to encourage your baby to fall asleep without needing to feed, wait until he’s at least three months old. By then, he may be ready for you to start easing him into a bedtime routine.

1.Co- habitation I s A Blessing For More Sleep

Co-habitation with your baby gives you both more sleep

Your baby should sleep in the same room as you for his first six months, for both day and night-time sleeps. Coping with night-time waking may be easier if your baby’s right next to you, in a cot, Moses basket or bedside cot. This is a three-sided cot which sits right next to your bed, with the open side level with your mattress.

Having your baby next to you makes it easier to reach across to him. You won’t need to get out of bed to feed him, and you may be able to stay half asleep yourself. If you do use a bedside cot, make sure it’s securely fastened to the side of your bed and that there are no gaps where your baby could become stuck.

Keeping your baby close to you at night also helps you pick up on his early feeding cues, such as restlessness and sucking his fingers. That means you can respond to him and start a feed, before he wakes fully and starts to cry.

During a feed, keep noises low and the lights dim. This will help you both get back to sleep more easily after a feed. It will also help your baby get used to the difference between day and night.

If you want to breastfeed your baby in bed with you, lie in the ‘C’ position to help keep your baby safe. The ‘C’ position is when you lie on your side, facing your baby, with your body curled around him in a protective C-shape.

Place your lower arm above your baby’s head and draw your knees up under his feet. You’ll probably lie in this position instinctively, as it helps to have your baby lying level with your breasts so he can feed.

Many parents co-sleep with their baby, even when they never intended to. It’s one of the ways of coping with disturbed nights and the demands of feeding.

Co-sleeping with your baby gives him the opportunity to feed whenever he likes, without disturbing you too much. This usually leads to more feeds, which increases your breast milk supply. Breastfeeding also releases hormones that help you and your baby feel sleepy and relaxed. You may hear co-sleeping and breastfeeding being called “breastsleeping”.

Make sure you know how to co-sleep safely. Never sleep with your baby in an armchair or on the sofa . These are two of the most dangerous places for you to sleep with your baby, as he may become wedged in the cushions if you fall asleep while holding him.

Bear in mind that, although sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is rare, co-sleeping can increase the risk of it happening, if:

  • You, or your partner, have been drinking alcohol, or have taken medication that makes you feel drowsy.
  • You or your partner smokes, or uses e-cigarettes, even if you never smoke in bed.
  • Your baby is under three months old, was premature (born before 37 weeks) or had a low birth weight (less than 2.5kg or 5.5lbs).

Some experts also recommend avoiding co-sleeping if you’re feeling particularly tired.

Read our article about co-sleeping safely to find out more.

2. Would my baby sleep better on formula?

Research shows that there’s little difference between the total amount of sleep that breast-fed and formula-fed babies have. It’s unlikely your baby would sleep better with formula milk, though there are some differences between breast-fed and formula-fed babies when it comes to sleep. Breast-fed babies are more likely to sleep in shorter bursts, sleep less deeply and take longer to sleep through the night. But they do benefit from the melatonin in your breastmilk, which helps them get to sleep.

Getting up to prepare a bottle and putting on lights to see what you’re doing will wake you up more. It’s may be harder for you to get back to sleep, without the sleep hormone from breast milk helping you and your baby to drift off. So if you do all the formula-feeding at night, it may mean you end up getting less sleep than if you breastfeed.

You could try these ideas to help your baby to sleep longer.

  • Cluster feed: In your baby’s first few months he’ll sometimes want to cluster feed. This means having lots of short feeds close together. It’s perfectly normal and it often coincides with a growth spurt. Go with the flow and feed him on demand if you can. Once your milk supply catches up, things should settle back down . During this time many mothers believe that baby needs formula when all baby needs is continued feeding.
  • Dream feed or focal feed: This is when you partly wake your baby for a breastfeed before you go to bed, usually between 10pm and midnight. Dream-feeding may help your baby to sleep longer if you do it regularly. If you decide to try dream feeding, allow plenty of time after your baby’s last feed of the day. Otherwise, you could find you’re waking your baby for a feed when he already has milk in his tummy.

3. Helping Your Baby Fall Asleep Without Feeds Is Possible

This can be done by getting baby into a routine. At the same time during the evening at a certain time you can dim the lights, play a lullaby for baby, give baby a nice body message after a good bath, singing to baby, allowing baby to listen to music, swaddling baby, or even swishing baby to sleep.

4. Keep Baby Close to You At Night

During nighttime feedings, you don’t want to be awake for any longer than you have to be. Getting up and out of bed can make those middle-of-the-night wake-ups harder than necessary. A bedside sleeper or some kind of bassinet that can be pushed against your bed might be best for this.

The AAP advises that parents share a room with their baby for at least the first six months of life but to not co-sleep. Many cultures practice bed-sharing, and ultimately it is up to you and your family to decide what works. Discuss your plans with your pediatrician to assure that sleep circumstances are as safe as possible.

5. Stay Away From Caffeine

Caffeine beverages can keep you up

This might be a tough one — in fact, as new or soon-to-be parents, there is a good chance that you are drinking a cup of coffee while reading this. Caffeine is a stimulant, which is why it probably helps you get through the longest days. It can stay in your system for hours after consumption, and depending on the person, the effects can be a disaster for sleep.

Try to keep your caffeine intake limited to the morning hours so that there isn’t any interference with nighttime sleep. If your naps are increasingly difficult, caffeine could be the culprit, and it could even be passed to the baby through your breast milk, keeping them awake if taken in high dosages.

6. Rest Even If You Cannot Sleep

Falling asleep can feel impossible when there are a million things running through your mind, and as a new mom, the random thoughts never end: whether baby acne is normal, the best way to clip a newborn’s nails, why you are so thirsty all the time, whether baby shoes serve a purpose besides being adorable — the list goes on.

While you might laugh at the thought of taking a nap with so many things to think about (and look up on Google), try to at least lie down. Relaxing for a few minutes can sometimes be equally as refreshing as a nap, and heaven knows new parents are at a loss for refreshments

7. Take Good Care Of Yourself

A simple bath can make the world of difference

Many new moms tend to neglect themselves and place all priority on their newborn. I know; I have four children. This is not a good practice. If feels so good when you can take care of you and your baby. Its amazing how just taking a bath or shower revitalizes you. Caring for yourself rejuvenates you for any challenges ahead. Know this one thing Mamas, in order to be the best mother you can be, it is essential to take care of yourself. Find a way to recharge, and it can do wonders for you and your family. You might not be able to afford a babysitter, but even taking a walk with your baby, getting out of the house, reading a good book while your little one naps, or exercising can give you a little break.

Your new baby has probably become your priority, but they need you to be feeling your best. Tell your partner, family, or friends that you need to sleep in this weekend, a chance to go grocery shopping by yourself (too crazy?), or even an hour to get a manicure. The feeling of doing something for you can be incredibly refreshing and enough to tackle the daunting task of motherhood.

8. Let Your Partner Help Out

You can get help to look after baby if you are overwhelmed

To help everyone get some rest, you could share some of the night-time care with your partner or a relative. Here are some things that don’t have to be done by a breastfeeding mum.

  • Giving a bottle of expressed milk. You could try this after the first six weeks, once your baby has learned how to breastfeed.
  • Winding and settling after a night feed.
  • Getting your baby up and dressed after the first morning feed so that you can go back to sleep, particularly at weekends.

Bottom Line

For most people, breastfeeding is hard. Learning how to care for a new baby takes some time, even if it is your second, third, or sixth baby, and no one should have to do that on little-to-no sleep. Although your nights might not be as dream-filled as they used to be, you don’t have to feel like a zombie forever — reach out and ask for help!Sleep is important, so I encourage you to get as much as possible.

While these tips might not suddenly make your baby sleep through the night (if only, right?), they can help you survive these weeks feeling a little bit more like yourself. 

Know that you are not alone. God wants to be with us in everything we go through so ask Him to go with you no every path of life. I have found Him to be such a ROCKI can depend on. Thank you for stopping by today and do visit again. Let me know if any of the above suggestions help you or how you are doing with your sleep. As usual I wish you every success in your breastfeeding and sleep journey.

Would you like to get more help with getting your baby to sleep easily. You can try this effective product to solve your sleep problems naturally.

To further view this product check out this link below:

https://9e34f1w377rf4obyirzjj61p3u.hop.clickbank.net/?tid=GODWINS

Breastfeeding and HIV: Recent New Data!


There has been s shift in breastfeeding management for HIV mothers

Hello Mamas. There is new evidence that recommends HIV-positive mothers should breastfeed. Until recently, the World Health Organization (WHO) advised HIV-positive mothers to avoid breastfeeding if they were able to afford, prepare and store formula milk safely. Current World Health Organization guidance on HIV and infant feeding is clear that for most mothers in most countries, exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months, followed by continued partial breastfeeding for at least the first year of life will enhance HIV-free child survival. (4) (PAID LINK)

In other words, recent research suggests that formula-feeding is more risky than breastfeeding with HIV. As more is known, an increasing number of HIV-positive mothers in industrialized countries are questioning whether the risk of HIV transmission through breastfeeding is as high as they have been led to believe and, if it is not, they are asking if they, too, can breastfeed.

Just so you know, Breast Fed Is Best Academy may earn commissions from shopping links.

South African Health Workers Face a Battle to Change Attitudes and Habits. Lungi Langa reports.

Many South African women are struggling with breastfeeding after returning to work

Breastfeeding may be natural, but it is not always simple. Professor Anna Coutsoudis, of the Department of Paediatrics and Child Health at the University of the KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, says the problem begins in the first weeks of breastfeeding. “Health-care providers lack the skills needed to offer support and advice,” she says. “So when problems arise – cracked nipples, babies won’t suck and babies don’t seem satisfied – the mothers get bad advice. Then when they become discouraged, they are told to stop breastfeeding altogether and to give artificial substitutes.”

If the mother is HIV positive, more uncertainty is added. “Some counsellors are themselves confused about what is correct practice regarding HIV and feeding practices,” says Thelma. But research has since emerged, particularly from South Africa, that shows that a combination of exclusive breastfeeding and the use of antiretroviral treatment can significantly reduce the risk of transmitting HIV to babies through breastfeeding.

EXCLUSIVE BREASTFEEDING: Reduces HIV Transmission

Exclusive breastfeeding protects the flora of the baby’s stomach

The importance of exclusive breastfeeding in reducing the risk of postnatal HIV transmission was first established in a South African study published in 1999, (11) and subsequently confirmed amongst Zimbabwean infants in 2005. (12) In the latter study, compared with early mixed feeding (breast milk and other foods and liquids), exclusive breastfeeding (feeding only breast milk) reduced transmission by 75% in babies tested at six months. (paid link)

It was hypothesized that too-early feeding with other foods and liquids besides breast milk may disturb the normal infant gastrointestinal flora. (13) When babies are mixed fed, pathogens and dietary antigens in formula can cause small sites of damage and inflammation to the baby’s intestinal mucosa. Once the integrity of the baby’s gut has been compromised, it is easier for HIV in breast milk to cross the mucous membranes and to make contact with the baby’s bloodstream. On the other hand, protective components in mother’s milk, for example epidermal growth factor, can help the intestinal epithelial barrier to mature, thus helping to protect against infection with HIV.

When the risk of mother to child transmission of HIV in utero, during birth or during breastfeeding can be reduced to almost nil, as it can today, it is no longer necessary for HIV-positive women to give up all hope of breastfeeding.

Instrumental in guiding the new recommendations were two major African studies that announced their findings in July 2009 at the fifth International AIDS Society conference in Cape Town. The WHO-led Kesho Bora study found that giving HIV-positive mothers a combination of antiretrovirals during pregnancy, delivery and breastfeeding reduced the risk of HIV transmission to infants by 42%. The Breastfeeding Antiretroviral and Nutrition study held in Malawi also showed a risk of HIV transmission reduced to 1.8% for infants given the antiretroviral drug nevirapine daily while breastfeeding for 6 months. This is great news!

WHO recommends that all mothers, regardless of their HIV status, practice exclusive breastfeeding – which means no other liquids or food are given – in the first six months. After six months, the baby should start on complementary foods. Mothers who are not infected with HIV should breastfeed until the infant is two years or older.

WHAT IS THE RISK OF NOT BREASTFEEDING?: Higher Rates of Morbidity and Mortality!
Non breastfed babies are at higher risk

In spite of these excellent results, there remains a common assumption that because mothers living with HIV in industrialized countries such as Europe, North America and Australia have access to clean water and safe infant feeding alternatives, breastfeeding avoidance is free from risk. This may in part stem from misleading reporting of research (21) results but in fact, formula-fed babies experience higher rates of morbidity and mortality than their breastfed counterparts, even in industrialized countries. (22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28)

PRESENT GUIDANCE IN DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
Many industrialized countries support HIV mothers breastfeeding exclusively for the first 6 months

In the industrialized countries of UK, Europe, Australia and Canada, a high percentage of mothers diagnosed as HIV-positive are immigrants from countries of high HIV-prevalence, particularly those in Eastern and Southern Africa. In recognition that their guidance needed to fit the population it was designed to assist, and following extensive consultation, the British HIV Association (BHIVA) published a revised position paper in 2011 stating that although formula-feeding remains the first recommendation for infant feeding in the context of HIV, when an HIV- positive mother with an undetectable viral load wishes to breastfeed, then she should be supported to do so. (29) BHIVA recommends that mothers who choose this option should practice exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life while receiving regular monitoring of maternal viral load and infant HIV status.

A similar relaxation of a formerly absolute prohibition of breastfeeding, and accompanying threats of imposition of child safe-guarding measures against mothers who did not comply, has also occurred in the USA. In early 2013, the American Academy of Pediatrics published revised recommendations to support breastfeeding by HIV-positive mothers when mothers are adherent to ART, achieve an undetectable viral load, and practice exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months, and the health of mother and baby are closely monitored and optimized. (30)(paid link)

Success Comes With Competent, and Well Informed HIV Positive Women

Communication with HIV positive women during pregnancy, goes a long way in filling the gap to exclusively breastfeed and continue taking antiviral meds. Breastfeeding in the context of HIV is best planned meticulously. Antenatally, HIV-positive mothers need to be in touch with their physicians and HIV clinicians.

They should discuss with them what they know of up-to-date research findings, including the risks and benefits of different feeding methods, the importance of ART, the duration of therapy, undetectable viral load, and ongoing adherence to their medications. They might also be advised to inform themselves about local and/or national HIV and infant feeding policy and to seek legal representation if there are likely to be any safe-guarding concerns or any threat of coercion to bottle-feed, as is occasionally reported. (31)

If the decision is made to breastfeed, HIV-positive mothers should receive competent and well-informed breastfeeding assistance from a recognized breastfeeding support organization or an International Board Certified Lactation Consultant (IBCLC) before and after birth. Mothers will need practical assistance with latching their baby comfortably to the breast, and ensuring effective breastfeeding. They may need advice and ongoing follow-up to avoid, minimize and quickly resolve any postpartum breast or nipple problems, such as sore nipples, breast engorgement, or symptoms of mastitis. It is important to prevent or treat these kinds of difficulties promptly should they occur, not only to avoid increasing the risk of transmission of postpartum HIV but also so that exclusive breastfeeding can easily be initiated and maintained for the full first six months of their infant’s life. The baby’s HIV status should be tested at birth, and at monthly intervals until three months after breastfeeding ends. (29, 30)

Finally, it is not possible to overstate the need for breastfeeding counselors or IBCLCs to liaise with and be guided by the mother’s and baby’s primary healthcare providers so that all parties can work together as a team for the best health outcomes for both mother and baby.

Can HIV positive mothers breastfeed? What is HIV breastfeeding? Can I breastfeed if I have a HIV? Should you stop breastfeeding if you have HIV?

What About Women Returning To Work?

Returning to work can be a struggle for many women. As workplace often do not have any proper place for women to breastfeed. This is a challenge because women usually stop breastfeeding and decide to pump instead. Louise Goosen, a breastfeeding consultant at Mowbray Maternity Hospital in Cape Town, says that “going back to work” is one of the most common reasons for stopping breastfeeding.

But even for mothers who don’t have to juggle paid work while caring for their babies, switching to formula is a huge temptation simply because it is thought to be convenient. But even for mothers who don’t have to juggle paid work while caring for their babies, switching to formula is a huge temptation simply because it is thought to be convenient. “However we need to encourage and educate mums on the ease and importance of expressing their breast milk to give to baby while mum is at work so that baby can still get the best nutrition. (paid link)

Bottom Line

When the risk of mother to child transmission of HIV in utero, during birth or during breastfeeding can be reduced to almost nil, as it can today, it is no longer necessary for HIV-positive women to give up all hope of breastfeeding. Up-to-date evidence-based research suggests that when HIV-positive women receive adequate ART, they can safely embark upon a pregnancy and deliver their children vaginally. Research also shows that improved health outcomes can be achieved with breastfeeding compared to not breastfeeding. There are only two provisos:

1) mothers must be meticulously adherent to their medication, and

2) breastfeeding should be practiced exclusively during the first six months of life.

3)Health professionals must be trained to provide families with the correct information.

4) The government needs to convince industries to make it easy for mothers to carry on breastfeeding after returning to work

When these two preconditions are met, the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV through breastfeeding can be reduced to negligible levels. The World Health Organization describes these findings as “transforming,” and it follows that there should thus be no need to discourage breastfeeding, both within and outside the context of HIV.

Try Personal Shopper by Prime Wardrobe
REFERENCES

https://breastfeedsuccessfully.com

2016: World Health Organization Updates on HIV and Infant Feeding

World Health Organization. The optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding: report of an expert consultation. Geneva: WHO (2001).

Horvath, T, Madi, B, Iuppa, I. et al. (2009) Interventions for preventing late postnatal mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (1) doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD006734.pub2.

WHO 2010. Guidelines on HIV and infant feeding. Principles and recommendations for infant feeding in the context of HIV and a summary of evidence ISBN 978 92 4 159953 5.

World Health Organization. Consolidated guidelines on the use of antiretroviral drugs for treating and preventing HIV infection: Recommendations for a public health approach Geneva: WHO 2013.

6 Dunn, DT, Newell, ML, Ades, AE et al. Risk of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 transmission through breastfeeding. Lancet Sep 5, 1992;340:585-88.

Samji H et al. Closing the gap: increases in life expectancy among treated HIV-positive individuals in the United States and Canada. PLOS ONE 8(12): e81355. Doi:10.1371/ journal.pone.0081355. 2014.

8 Rodger A, Bruun T, Cambiano Vet al HIV. Transmission Risk Through Condomless Sex If HIV+ Partner On Suppressive ART: PARTNER Study. Paper presented at 21st Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections, Boston. 2014.

BHIVA-NAM. Summary of BHIVA Guidelines, Treatment for pregnant women: mode of delivery, Factsheet 6, updated June 2013.

10 Chibwesha CJ, Giganti MJ, Putta N et al. Optimal Time on HAART for Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2011;58(2):224-8. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0b013e318229147e.

11 Coutsoudis A, Pillay K, Spooner E et al. Influence of infant-feeding patterns on early mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1 in Durban, South Africa: a prospective cohort study. South African Vitamin A Study Group. Lancet 1999 Aug 7;354(9177):471-6.

13 Smith MM and Kuhn L. Exclusive breast-feeding: does it have the potential to reduce breast-feeding transmission of HIV-1? Nutrition Reviews 2000;58(11):333-340.

UNAIDS. Report on the Global AIDS epidemic 2013.

14 Ekpini ER, Wiktor SZ, Satten GA et al. Late postnatal mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1 in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire. Lancet 1997;349: 1054–1059.

15 WHO 2005. HIV and Infant Feeding Counselling Tools, Reference Guide ISBN 92 4 1593016. 

16 Kuhn L, Sinkala M, Kankasa C et al. High Uptake of Exclusive Breastfeeding and Reduced Early Post-Natal HIV Transmission. PLOS ONE Dec 2007; 2(12): e1363. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0001363.

17 Ngoma M, Raha A, Elong A, et al. Interim Results of HIV Transmission Rates Using a Lopinavir/ritonavir based regimen and the New WHO Breast Feeding Guidelines for PMTCT of HIV. International Congress of Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (ICAAC) Chicago Il, Sep19,2011. H1-1153.

18 Silverman MS. (Powerpoint Presentation): Interim Results of HIV Transmission Rates Using a Lopinavir/ ritonavir based regimen and the New WHO Breast Feeding Guidelines for PMTCT of HIV [abstr. H1-1153] Presented at: International Congress of Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (ICAAC) Chicago IL, Sep19, 2011.

19 Gartland MG, Chintu NT, Li MS et al, Field effectiveness of combination antiretroviral prophylaxis for the prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission in rural Zambia. AIDS 2013 May 15; 27(8): doi:10.1097/ QAD.0b013e32835e3937.

20 Silverman, M. Personal communication, 2 Oct 2011.

21 Smith J, Dunstone M, & Elliott-Rudder M. (2009) Health Professional Knowledge of Breastfeeding: Are the Health Risks of Infant Formula Feeding Accurately Conveyed by the Titles and Abstracts of Journal Articles? Journal of Human Lactation, 2009;25(3): 350-358.

22 Bachrach VR, Schwarz E & Bachrach LR. Breastfeeding and the risk of hospitalization for respiratory disease in infancy: a meta-analysis. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine2003;157(3): 237-243.

23 Bartick M, & Reinhold A. The burden of suboptimal breastfeeding in the United States: a pediatric cost analysis. Pediatrics 2010; 125(5): e1048-1056.

24 Chen A & Rogan W J. Breastfeeding and the risk of postneonatal death in the United States. Pediatrics 2004; 113(5): e435-e439.

25 Duijts L, Jaddoe VW, Hofman A et al. Prolonged and exclusive breastfeeding reduces the Risk of infectious diseases in infancy. Pediatrics 2010;126(1), e18-25.

12 Iliff PJ, Piwoz EG, Tavengwa NV et al. Early exclusive breastfeeding reduces the risk of postnatal HIV-1 transmission and increases HIV-free survival. AIDS 2005, 19:699–708.

26 Glass RI, Lew JF, Gangarosa RE et al. Estimates of morbidity and mortality-Rates for diarrheal diseases in American children Journal of Pediatrics 1991;118(4),S27-S33.

27 Ip S, Chung M, Raman G et al. A summary of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality’s evidence report on breastfeeding in developed countries. Breastfeeding Medicine2009; 4(Suppl 1):S17-30.

28 Quigley MA, Kelly YJ, & Sacker A. Breastfeeding and hospitalization for diarrheal and respiratory infection in the United Kingdom Millennium Cohort Study. Pediatrics 2007;119(4), E837-E842. doi:10.1542/peds.2006- 2256.

29 Taylor GP, Anderson J, Clayden P et al. For the BHIVA/ CHIVA Guidelines Writing Group. British HIV Association and Children’s HIV Association position statement on infant feeding in the UK, 21 March, 2011.

30 American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Pediatric AIDS, Infant feeding and transmission of HIV in the United States, COMMITTEE ON PEDIATRIC AIDS. Pediatrics 2013; 131:2 391-396.

Our post for breastfeeding and HIV is completed. I hope you learned something. This evidence brings to light the importance of ongoing research. I am happy to know that women can now breastfeed with the guided precautions. We are finally getting back to the basics of making breastfeeding number one. Let me know your feedback on this topic. Thank you for stopping by. Do visit again.