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How To Teach Your 2 Year Old Kid To Read- FAST AND EASY!

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Every parent or teacher desires to see their child read. Parents I have some important information to share with you about why reading is so important for your child.

Reading is an essential skill all children must learn in order to become successful at school, at home, and in the community. Why? Because reading is required to understand most other topics. Most of a child’s learning is done from reading the writing on a blackboard or in books, magazines, and workbooks from the teacher.

The capability to read is crucial. After all, if a child can’t read those items, how is it possible to answer math, science, or social studies questions? It’s not possible! The better a child can read, the easier it will be for them to learn what they need to in school.

There are plenty of approaches to encourage your child to read. Remember, they are a child, so get them involved by allowing reading to be entertaining, fun, and enjoyable. It would be of great benefit to your child if you consider choosing fun reading games to play (like reading signs) while walking them to school, driving them someplace, or while you’re out shopping.

When my kids were young , I knew that reading was crucial to being smart, so I tried teaching them as soon a they were about three years old. Nowadays, children are learning to read as little as 2 years old! This is amazing!

10.Reasons why You should help your child to read

Make reading time very precious


1. Cognitive (mental processing) abilities are acquired: Reading develops a child’s imagination and creativity, and is a great approach to support your child to dream! In addition, reading supports logical thinking and problem solving skills.

2. Better communication skills: In addition to the contact they have with you during reading time, your child is developing useful communication skills by observing the interactions between the characters in the books. It is also a great opportunity to spend quality time together and bond with your child. Many children, as they get older, have fond memories of times spent reading with parents.

3. Smarter children: The more a child reads, the more a child learn. The more a child learns, the more they understand. The more a child knows, the more intelligent they are.

4. Reduces Stress: When you’re reading, you sit in a silent location, relax your mind, and focus on whatever it is that you are reading. Your brain slows down, and you’re normally calm. This comfortable state is not dissimilar to meditating, and through reading, your child will profit by acquiring the habit of relaxation.

5. Discipline and increased concentration: Along with reading comprehension comes a stronger self-discipline, a longer attention span, and better memory retention. These traits will serve your child well while learning at school.

6. Develops empathy

Reading is a great way to feel what others are feeling. It helps us to connect with characters and events in the lives of people everywhere. This helps us to also consider our own feelings.

7. Reading is a source of having plain fun

When I was younger, reading was my delight. For some reason I always thought readers were leaders. I remember even when going to the bathroom taking something to read with me. It also amazed me of how I could be in The Bahamas and still read or learn about people all over the world. Yes reading is very adventurous and exciting. Every parent should strive to create a learning environment for their children. It is worth it.

8. Reading helps to build self image in children.

I could imagine the feeling of a child who is laughed at in school because they could not read. This must be torture and extreme embarrassment for a child causing many negative emotions and actions by the child affected.

9. Reading makes the world a better place. I am sure you agree. Can you imagine a world without knowing to read?

10.Become better speakers

When children learn to read, they are gifted with skills to become better speakers as they improve their vocabulary. The more children read, the better they speak, while gaining their confidence. I encourage you to make an effort to teach your child to read today.

Why some children struggle with reading?

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There are many reasons why children struggle with reading which may be varied. Reasons why so many children struggle to read are complex and varied.  They include:

  • Dyslexia Most researchers believe that dyslexic children struggle with reading because of underlying biological factors. Professor Julian Elliott of Durham University in England is one of the most prominent critics of the term dyslexia.  Yet in his book, The Dyslexia Debate, he states:
  • The English spelling system is more complicated than that of many other languages.  The inconsistencies mean it takes more time and effort to become competent in written English.
  • Problems in Schools.  There is evidence that teachers in some schools do not consistently use the most effective teaching methods and resources for literacy. 
  • Lack of funding for quality interventions, large class sizes and behavioral and attendance problems also make it more difficult for schools to support struggling readers.
  • Parental issues.  Numerous studies indicate that parents have a greater impact on children’s academic achievement than teachers or schools.  Parental involvement is especially important for the literacy of English speaking children because of the complexities of the written language.  Parents need to read to their children frequently and talk to them often to develop their language skills before they start school.  Many parents don’t do this. 
  • Children also need considerable support at home after they start school because they need lots of practice to master the skills they are taught in the classroom.  Some parents don’t provide this support because they think schools should do it all.

Professor Julian Elliott of Durham University in England is one of the most prominent critics of the term dyslexia.  Yet in his book, The Dyslexia Debate, he states:“…the primary issue is not whether biologically based reading difficulties exist (the answer is an unequivocal “yes”)…” 3

How can I help my child to read?

I would like to introduce you to this amazing strategy that is working for thousands of parents all over the world you are interested in teaching your child to read easy and fast; check out the link below-

This is a very powerful reading tool that will set your child on a successful path. I highly recommend you give it a try right now.

Right in the comfort of your very own home!

All things are possible to them that believe. Begin helping your child to read today

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Guess what Mamas? I have a great and exciting topic for you today. We are going to talk about stress during pregnancy. I think this topic is very interesting because we have to deal with stress even if we are not pregnant or breastfeeding so imagine being pregnant with so many hormones floating in your body.(13).That’s a lot to handle considering what they do. Stress during pregnancy can affect you in daily life activities as well as stress with learning or having challenges with breastfeeding. Stress affects breastfeeding in many ways. High levels of stress in breastfeeding moms can lead to a difficult let-down reflex, and it can decrease your breast milk supply. Too much stress in everyday life is also associated with early weaning from breastfeeding. As we know, healthy mental status brings the result of a live healthy baby! That’s what we want right? Here are some questions you may have concerning breastfeeding and stress.

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Stress happens to us all. Our reaction to it depends on how we overcome it!

What is stress and how does it affect my health?

Stress is the body’s reaction to any change that requires an adjustment or response. The body reacts to these changes with physical, mental, and emotional responses. Stress is a normal part of life. You can experience stress from your environment, your body, and your thoughts. Even positive life changes such as a promotion, a mortgage, or the birth of a child produce stress. Did you know that stress is normal for humans?  The body can respond to these changes physically, mentally, or emotionally and it can be positively or negatively.

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Stress can be positive, keeping us alert, motivated, and ready to avoid danger. Stress becomes negative when a person faces continuous challenges without relief or relaxation between stressors. As a result, the person becomes overworked, and stress-related tension builds. The body’s autonomic nervous system has a built-in stress response that causes physiological changes to allow the body to combat stressful situations. This stress response, also known as the “fight or flight response”, is activated in case of an emergency. However, this response can become chronically activated during prolonged periods of stress. Prolonged activation of the stress response causes wear and tear on the body – both physical and emotional. Hence, stress that continues without relief can lead to a condition called distress – a negative stress reaction. Distress can disturb the body’s internal balance or equilibrium, leading to physical symptoms such as headaches, an upset stomachelevated blood pressurechest painsexual dysfunction, and problems sleeping. Emotional problems can also result from distress. These problems include depressionpanic attacks, or other forms of anxiety and worry. Research suggests that stress also can bring on or worsen certain symptoms or diseases. Stress is linked to 6 of the leading causes of death: heart disease, cancer, lung ailments, accidents, cirrhosis of the liver, and suicide.

Too much stress can bring addiction

Addiction to substances can destroy our bodies. So it is crucial that we control the stressors in our lives. Stress also becomes harmful when people engage in the compulsive use of substances or behaviors to try to relieve their stress. These substances or behaviors include food, alcohol, tobacco, drugs, gambling, sex, shopping, and the Internet. Rather than relieving the stress and returning the body to a relaxed state, these substances and compulsive behaviors tend to keep the body in a stressed state and cause more problems. The distressed person (paid link) becomes trapped in a vicious circle.

How does stress impact breastfeeding?

Adding the stress of work, illness or financial problems can take its toll on your life and your body. This stress can also affect your breastfeeding plan. How Does Stress Affect Breastfeeding? Stress can affect breastfeeding in two ways: your milk supply and the contents of your milk. When you experience stress, your body responds by releasing cortisol, adrenaline and norepinephrine. While these hormones can temporarily help your body deal with a stressful situation, over time, they can have a negative effect on your body both physically and emotionally. Stress doesn’t directly affect milk supply.

The amount of milk your body makes depends on how often your baby nurses. The more milk he or she drinks, the more your body will make. Stress can indirectly affect your milk supply, however, if you aren’t taking the time to eat or drink enough water or don’t have the time to nurse your baby as frequently as he or she needs because you are dealing with a stressful situation. Maternal illnesses, along with the medications that are prescribed for these illnesses, can also cause stress and reduce milk supply. One of the hormones, cortisol, can enter into your breastmilk, affecting its contents.

Studies have found that breastfed babies have approximately 40 percent more cortisol in their systems than formula-fed babies, suggesting that the cortisol found in breastmilk is responsible for this increase. Called “secondhand cortisol,” the hormone enters the baby’s intestinal tract and prompts neurotransmitter signals that go to the brain, affecting the areas that regulate emotion. Though long-term effects of secondhand cortisol in nursing infants are unknown, a study from researchers at Arizona State University found that higher levels of cortisol corresponded to babies who easily cried or became agitated when placed in unfamiliar situations.

What determines a healthy baby after nine months?

Determining a healthy baby after nine months is more than just looks!

A substance called Telomeres which are cellular structures that protect the chromosomes during cell division. Telomere length is a marker of cell aging that determines life expectancy and many age related disorders.

Longer telomeres can be beneficial for long-term health, while shorter ones can signify “various chronic conditions such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, some neurologic conditions, and various cancers,” past studies have suggested, according to the news release.

Shorter telomere sends signals to the rest of the cells that there is problematic DNA that needs repairing rather than replication. Continuous copying of problematic DNA will result in abnormal cell growth leading to cancer. In this sense, it also plays a vital role in cancer prevention. Thus shorter and longer telomere both have their benefits.

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What are some healthy ways I can reduce stress during pregnancy?

Mamas, let me tell you something: decreasing your stress levels is very crucial for both you and your baby. You can try reducing stress by:

  • Put God first in everything you do. God loves you and He wants you to succeed in your life. I encourage you to seek Him and His righteousness so that all will go well with you. (Joshua 1:9 KJV). He is also the one who can give us true peace as He leads us beside still waters and restores us.
  • Always take time to be thankful to God for the blessings in your life.
  • Make time to regularly exercise, such as enrolling in a baby/mom exercise class or taking a walk with your little one. You can also set regular exercise times at home.
  • Exercise is good because it releases endorphins that can increase your happiness levels and help you to better deal with stress.
  • Did you know that practicing deep-breathing techniques helps you to relax? Try it the next time you are stressed out.
  • Communicate and connect with others by getting out of the house and meet up with a friend to talk.
  • Take 15 to 20 minutes a day to do something you enjoy, such as reading a book, cooking, visiting or calling a friend, going to the beach.
  • Get as much sleep as possible. Try to nap when your baby is napping or nurse while lying down in order to get some extra rest.

If you experience difficulty in remembering things, insomnia, extreme fatigue, a lack of appetite or are unable to enjoy things you once did, your stressful situation may have caused depression. Talk with a medical provider to a find a treatment that is right for you. Always follow after PEACE AND HUMILITY. Let it be the empire of your whole being. Only God can give you it.

Tips for breastfeeding in Difficult Circumstances

Eating the right foods can go a long way in helping you overcome stress
  • If you are dealing with an illness in the family, divorce, death or loss of a job, the stress of the situation can make nursing extremely difficult.
  • Be reassured that any breast milk that you can provide your baby during this time is extremely beneficial.
  • If you want to continue nursing during difficult circumstances, make the time about you and your child.
  • Close the door to the nursery, listen to calming music and focus on the special bond that you have with your baby.
  • If you have to go back to work or have to be away from home to help out with family, using a breast pump will allow you to continue to provide your baby with milk while you are unable to nurse him or her.
  • Stay calm, no matter what. Whether it’s the stress of everyday living or the severe stress from a catastrophic event, stress can affect both you and your baby.
  • Make sure you eat the right foods to improve your mental capacity .e.g. all the green, and colorful veggies, fruits, nuts, and grains, meat, low mercury fish, poultry. These foods taken daily will help to enrich your blood and help you to feel your best mentally.
  • Take the time for you to reduce your stress and seek out help from your friends and family in order to get through any difficult situations.
  • Stay strong in God. Find the scriptures on PEACE and do what it takes to get your peace? Remember we all go through stress every now and then but management is the key to overcoming it.

What’s the connection for women, pregnancy and longevity?

Your last pregnancy can determine your length of life!

One previous study suggests that the women’s age at the delivery of her last child affects telomere length. Thus it affects women’s aging process. The new study, done on a larger scale, was published on Wednesday. In this study, 1200 premenopausal women were participants. They belong to different localities, religions, lifestyles, and backgrounds.

Furthermore, they have age differences, weight differences, and habits. In this study, researchers noticed the length of telomere, women’s age at birth, and the financial status of the women. They also observe emotional, social, and other sociodemographic factors during pregnancy.

Additionally, the study proves the connection between telomere length and age of women at the time of the birth of the last child. According to the study, women’s age at the time of the last child’s birth affects the length of the telomere.

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Everyone wants to live a long, happy, healthy, and wealthy life. Scientists work to know the cause of aging so that science can be able to control the process of aging. Aging is the process of becoming old. However, at the cellular level, aging means that the cell ceases to divide. Furthermore, at the population level, aging means the population of species is no longer able to grow.

One theory does suggest that women who become mothers at a later age live longer. Dr. Stephanie Faubion is medical director at The North American Menopause Society. According to her, to understand the link between telomere and birth of the last child, more research is required.

Moreover, to determine the age of women at the time of the birth of the youngest child is responsible for longer telomere. And also to understand whether telomere length enables women to conceive at an older age or not.

Bottom Line:

Breastfeeding, life (paid link) and stress can work together in harmony. But we must do our part in managing our lives. We know that healthy mental status brings the result of a live healthy baby. So Mama you must do all you can to make your pregnant journey a happy, healthy, and safe one. Stay strong in God. Find the scriptures on PEACE and do what it takes to get your peace? Remember we all go through stress every now and then but management is the key to overcoming it.

Thank you for stopping by today. I hope you learned something. You are welcomed to come again. I hope you find peace and joy in your life. You can overcome stress whether you are breastfeeding or experiencing a negative circumstance in your life. You can watch the video below to further understand how to overcome the stressors in your life. You can comment if you like. I would love to have your email address for more exciting topics. Let me know if you have a topic you would like for me to talk about. Enjoy!

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As you think so are you and your baby! Positive affirmations give you mentally stability
We all have storms in our lives that produce stress, but we can calm every storm through peace!


Breastfeeding is the number one cure in preventing childhood obesity

Hello Mamas. Here is another exciting topic on breastfeeding and obesity. For centuries obesity has been a common problem in the world.

Making a decision to breastfeed your baby benefits both you and your baby. There are so many health benefits to your child from breastfeeding, including prevention of infections such as ear infections, diarrhea, and other bacterial and viral infections. Research also suggests that breastfeeding may help protect against diabetes and some cancers. Breastfeeding provides warmth and closeness between you and your baby. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends breastfeeding your child for the first year of life.

I have wonderful news today, breastfeeding also provides many other benefits for mothers. Mothers who breastfeed tend to lose pregnancy weight more quickly. I can testify to this. When I delivered my babies, I looked forward to breastfeeding because I knew it would help me to loose the weight from childbirth fast. Hormones released during breastfeeding help to return the uterus to its normal size and can prevent postpartum bleeding. Research shows that women who have breastfed have lower chances of getting ovarian cancer and breast cancer later in life. Many mothers also feel joy and fulfillment from the connection they experience with their child while nursing.

One important health benefit of breastfeeding is prevention of obesity. Obesity is one of the most serious health problems facing both children and adults today. Childhood obesity often leads to adult obesity, which causes many health problems including heart disease, diabetes, and even early death. Researchers are learning more about how breastfeeding can help prevent obesity. Breast milk provides your baby with food that is easy to digest and very nutritious, and your child helps decide how much to eat and when to eat it. Both the breast milk itself and the way your baby feeds help him or her to develop healthy eating patterns. Breastfed babies seem to be better able to regulate their food intake and thus are at lower risk for obesity.

What Does the Recent Data Research Say?

Breastfeeding is the number one cure in preventing childhood obesity

According to the JAMA Peadiactrics Network, the question is asked:

What is the impact of a nutrition-focused home-visiting intervention on early childhood obesity and associated risk factors?

Findings  In this randomized clinical trial of 134 Navajo mothers and their infants enrolled 3 to 12 months post partum, mothers who received the Family Spirit Nurture infant nutrition and responsive feeding home-visiting intervention vs those who did not reported feeding children substantially fewer sugar-sweetened beverages and having better responsive feeding practices. In turn, their infants had lower body mass index z scores.

Meaning  Results of this trial suggest that a home-visiting intervention created in partnership with and for Native American individuals is an effective strategy for promoting healthy infant feeding and growth in the first year of life.

Another recent study :

Breastfeeding reduces the rate of obesity

Here is another   new study published in the journal Pediatrics . It showed that what really helped prevent obesity was getting breast milk directly from the breast.

That’s not to say that drinking expressed breast milk from a bottle isn’t healthy. After all, it’s the food that was explicitly designed for infants — and in the study, babies that got breast milk from a bottle did have lower rates of obesity at 12 months. Some of that benefit is thought to be related to the microbiome that breast milk helps create. Babies who drink breast milk are more likely to have certain bacteria in their digestive tracts that help prevent obesity.

But the babies that had the lowest risk of obesity in the study were those that got only breast milk directly from the breast for the first three months of life. Why would that be?

To be able to breastfeed directly from the breast for three months, you have to be able to be with your baby constantly for three months. Mothers who can do that either have access to paid maternity leave or have enough resources to take an unpaid leave — or to stay at home with their babies and not work outside the home at all. Studies have shown that mothers who breastfeed longer are more likely to have higher incomes, more education, and private insurance.

These, then, are mothers who are also more likely to have access to and be able to afford healthy foods, to live in areas where there are safe places to exercise — and to be able to pay for sports and other forms of exercise as their children grow. It’s not just about how these babies are fed, but also about the context in which they are born and raised.

The way in which they are fed, though, is important. Babies who feed directly from the breast are less likely to be overfed. When they are full, they stop sucking, or switch to a “comfort” kind of sucking that doesn’t produce milk. When babies are fed from bottles, parents and caregivers are more likely to push them to finish the bottle; feeding becomes a bit less about appetite and more about volume and schedule.

Lets teach children to eat only when hungry?

Children have to be taught how to manage their food intake!

This topic reminds me of an incident I will share with you. I have a niece who was visiting me at one time. She was about 7 years old at the time. She came with her breakfast at about 10 am and ate all of it. By the way it was a burger king order of a hamburger sandwich, fries and yes a regular orange soda. She was junky at the time and I began to understand why. Do you believe at 12pm she said she was ready to eat again even though she ate just 2 hours ago? I said to her but you should not be hungry now because you just ate at 10. She looked at me and said, but aunty I always eat at 12 o clock.” Well my dear, you will not be eating at 12 o clock today. She asked why aunty? I said because you are not hungry. That was the end of that. Sometimes we as parents are the culprits in enabling our children’s obesity, so we have to be careful.

Learning to eat only when you are hungry and stop when you are full is a really good skill when it comes to preventing obesity. That’s why the American Academy of Pediatrics has encouraged parents to learn and use “responsive feeding,” that is, responding to the cues of babies and children of both hunger and being full. The motto is, “You provide, your child decides.”

What this study helps us see is that the link between breastfeeding and obesity prevention is part of a bigger picture we need to pay attention to if we want to fight the obesity epidemic. It shows us that we need to:

  • Advocate for maternity leave to stay at home to breastfeed your baby for at least 3 months.
  • Encourage your child to eat only when hungry and stop when they are full.
  • Understand obesity risk as part of a bigger societal issue — truly, as a social justice issue. All children need — and deserve — access to healthy foods and exercise. Try to give your children access to healthy foods and exercise.
  • Another consideration I have observed is that when babies are born, parents tend to give them more of the sweet foods. Be careful with this because they can grow up wanting the sweet foods more than the unsweetened foods that are healthier that the sweetened foods. Teach them to appreciate the veggies just as much as the fruits.

Prevent The Ruin Of Your Child’s Self Esteem: You have the power!

Self esteem is so important Mamas!

I have a little personal story I would like to share with you. One of my daughters when she was 10 years old, My husband and I noted that she was morbidly becoming obese. We noted that the obesity was making her to have a low self esteem, as her colleagues at school were now teasing her in school. You know what we did to help her ? We managed her eating and got her into a regular exercise program with us . We would take her with us three times per week during our walking exercise. She lost that weight quickly and got her self esteem back!

What are the rates of breastfeeding globally?

Despite the numerous benefits of breastfeeding, breastfeeding rates remain low in many parts of the world. Actions to increase the rate of breastfeeding include:

  • education and support of mothers throughout pregnancy and beyond;
  • support and protection of breastfeeding in the workplace;
  • implementation of the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative; and
  • implementation of and adherence to the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes. I was so happy to have had the privilege of breastfeeding my children. It was not always enjoyable, but because of the benefits, I pursued it. It is so good! My children proved it . I observe a high intelligence rate in them. They are smart intellectually.

Bottom Line

Breastfeeding and obesity do have a correlation. Breastfeeding is by far the best way to prevent childhood obesity. We ought to become our children’s advocate for healthy eating and activities that would help them to be happier and healthy. Remember you have the power of God within you to do all things through His strength. Do the best you can to breastfeed or give expressed breast milk if you are not breastfeeding and reduce the risk of your child developing obesity. If you have questions or comments let me know below. Please watch the exciting video below as Dr jones


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BREASTFEEDING AND Gestational Diabetes: Best Researched Data

Is Breastfeeding possible with Diabetes?

Gestational diabetes is a condition in which your blood sugar levels become high during pregnancy. It affects up to 10% of women who are pregnant in the U.S. each year. I have nursed many women who discovered that they had diabetes for the fist time , in their pregnancy. There was always one common denominator in the cases I saw.

It was that they all had a relative who had the condition. Most were apparently attending regular antenatal clinic and boom! the blood sugar levels were on fasting was higher that normal. I will help you to better understand how this condition affects breastfeeding ((Pd link) and give you some tips to help you manage it better.

Gestational Diabetes: What Causes It?

Here is the pancreas that regulates insulin

When you eat, your pancreas releases insulin, a hormone that helps move a sugar called glucose from your blood to your cells, which use it for energy.

During pregnancy, your placenta makes hormones that cause glucose to build up in your blood. Usually, your pancreas can send out enough insulin to handle it. But if your body can’t make enough insulin or stops using insulin as it should, your blood sugar levels rise, and you get gestational diabetes.

What Are the Types Of Diabetes?

There are two classes of gestational diabetes. Women with class Type 1 which can be controlled through diet and exercise. Those who have class type 2 need to take insulin or other medications.

Gestational diabetes usually goes away after you give birth. But it can affect your baby’s health, and it raises your risk of getting type 2 diabetes later in life. You can take steps so you and your baby stay healthy. I encourage you to do all you can to manage your condition because it can be a life threatening condition for both you and your little star.

Can I Breastfeed If I Have Gestational Diabetes?

I know you want to know if you can breastfeed if you have gestational diabetes. Guess what ? I have great news! Yes you can ! The majority of health experts say that breastfeeding is the best way to feed your baby, and that if you’re able to do it, you should give it a try. In an ideal world, you’d breastfeed exclusively for the first 6 months of your baby’s life. If you have diabetes, you may wonder if that’s true for you. No worries: If you want to breastfeed, having diabetes shouldn’t prevent you from doing so, and both you and your baby will reap some pretty impressive benefits.

his can happen for anyone, but diabetes can add some challenges. For instance, it could make your milk come in more slowly.

If you’re overweight — like many but not all women with type 2 diabetes — that sometimes makes nursing harder, especially early on.

Talk to your doctor or a lactation consultant if you need help or are unsure whether you should supplement with formula.

Breastfeeding Benefits for You and Your Baby

Breastfeeding has so many benefits mama. For your little star, it’s well-known that babies who are breastfed (regardless of whether Mom has diabetes) tend to have fewer health problems, including respiratory and ear infections, digestive trouble, and asthma. They might also be less likely to develop type 1 or type 2 diabetes.

Just in case we have some of you out there who may not be feeling too well. Here are some symptoms you might experience:

Gestational Diabetes Symptoms

Most women bypass the symptoms for pregnancy

Women with gestational diabetes usually don’t have symptoms or may chalk them up to pregnancy. Most find out that they have it during a routine screening.
You may notice that:

  • You’re thirstier than usual
  • You’re hungrier and eat more than usual
  • You pass your urine more than usual( pd link)

Gestational Diabetes Risk Factors

You’re more likely to get gestational diabetes if you:

  • Were overweight before you got pregnant
  • Are African-American, Asian, Hispanic, Alaska Native, Pacific Islander, or Native American
  • Have blood sugar levels that are higher than they should be but not high enough to be diabetes (this is called prediabetes)
  • Have a family member with diabetes
  • Have had gestational diabetes before
  • Have polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or another health condition linked to problems with insulin
  • Have high blood pressurehigh cholesterolheart disease, or other medical complications
  • Have given birth to a large baby (weighing more than 9 pounds)
  • Have had a miscarriage
  • Have given birth to a baby who was stillborn or had certain birth defects
  • Are older than 25

Gestational Diabetes Tests and Diagnosis

Gestational diabetes usually happens in the second half of pregnancy. Your doctor will check for it between weeks 24 and 28, or sooner if you’re at high risk.

Your doctor will give you a glucose tolerance test: You’ll drink 50 grams of glucose in a sweet drink, which will raise your blood sugar. An hour later, you’ll take a blood glucose test to see how your body handled all that sugar. If the results show that your blood sugar is higher than a certain level, you’ll need a 3-hour oral glucose tolerance test, meaning you’ll get a blood glucose test 3 hours after you drink a 100-gram glucose drink. Your doctor can also test you by having you fast for 12 hours, then giving you a 75-gram glucose drink and a 2-hour blood glucose test.

If you’re at high risk but your test results are normal, your doctor might test you again later in your pregnancy to make sure you still don’t have it.

Are Your Meds Safe for Your Baby?

In most cases, a medication that was fine for you to use when you were pregnant should be fine to continue while nursing. But it’s always wise to check with your doctor.

Metformin is usually a good choice, and insulin should be OK. If you have type 1, you should certainly continue to take insulin, though you might find that you need less while breastfeeding than you did before you got pregnant.

Managing Gestational Diabetes: Making it Safe for You and Baby

If you have gestational diabetes, you’ll need treatment as soon as possible to keep yourself and your baby healthy during your pregnancy and delivery. Your doctor will ask you to:

  • Check your blood sugar levels four or more times a day. You will be taught how to do it in hospital.
  • Check your urine for ketones, chemicals that mean that your diabetes isn’t under control
  • Eat a healthy diet
  • Make exercise a habit
  • Be aware of the complications which are intra-uterine death, large babies, birth injuries, hemorrhage, a condition called preeclampsia, coma, death of mother or baby. Control of the condition is key in good management.

Your doctor will keep track of your weight and your baby’s development. They might give you insulin or another medicine to keep your blood sugar under control.

Exercise throughout your pregnancy. 

You can exercise when you have gestational diabetes with your doctor’s permission. Being active is a good way to help manage your blood sugar. Staying fit during pregnancy is also good for your posture and can curb some common problems, like backaches and fatigue.

  • Get active as soon as possible. Aim for 30 minutes of moderate activity most days of the week. Running, walking, swimming, and biking are good options.
  • Was there a workout that you were doing before you found out you were pregnant? Do you have an activity that you love? Check with your doctor to see if you can keep it up, if you should make some changes, or if it’s better to try something else.
  • Exercise can lower your blood sugar. So when you work out, always have a form of quick sugar with you, such as glucose tablets or hard candy.

Get the right prenatal care: Not only can your doctor screen you for this condition; they can offer advice on food, activity, and weight loss. They can also point you to other health professionals, like nutritionists, that can help.(paid link).

Morning sickness

If you have morning sickness, eat small healthy snacks. Nibble on crackers, cereal, or pretzels before you get out of bed. As you go through your day, have small meals often and avoid fatty, fried, and greasy foods.

If you are hospitalized, or if you are managed at home, you will have an interview with a dietitian to understand what your food portions should be. This is very important.

If you take insulin, make sure you’ve got a plan to deal with low blood sugar. Throwing up can make your glucose level drop. Talk to your doctor if you’re not sure what to do. Remember to never eat and not take your medication and vice versa, do not take your insulin and do not eat. This is a set up for blood sugar issues.

Ask your doctor any questions you need answers to.

Know the signs and symptoms of hypo and hyperglycemic episodes .e.g. dizziness, slurred speech, forgetfulness, low or high blood sugar levels.

Gestational Diabetes Prevention

You can lower your risk before you get pregnant by:

With type 1, you may find that the hormonal changes from giving birth and breastfeeding change the amount of insulin you need and throw your general testing and treating routine out of whack. You may want to work with a lactation consultant, diabetes educator, or nutritionist until you get the hang of things.

Low Blood Sugar: Keep snacks handy

Making milk takes a lot of energy, and breast milk is loaded with lactose, a type of sugar. When you nurse your baby and that sugar leaves your body, your blood sugar levels may dip by up to 25% and your blood sugar could drop too low (hypoglycemia).

Checking your blood sugar more often and planning ahead can help a lot. And It’s usually a good idea to have a snack before nursing and to keep something like fruit juice nearby while you breastfeed, in case you start to get hypoglycemic. Also, sip lots of water to stay hydrated.

You Might need some support

No matter what type of diabetes you have, you’ll probably need support from family and friends, too. Post partum can be tough

It can be hard for anyone with a newborn to find time to prepare healthy meals, but if you have diabetes, it’s extra important to eat well and regularly.

We have come to the end of a very intense post with breastfeeding and gestational diabetes. I hope you enjoyed it. If you are a newly discovered diabetic, I want you to ask God to heal you and help you and your baby to be safe. I want you to continue to do well. Remember you can speak with your doctor, nurse, lactation specialist, or even the dietitian about any issues . I wish you a very successful breastfeeding journey. Thank you for stopping and do come again. Do you have any breastfeeding goals? You can list it below.

I have an exciting video below on gestational diabetes that I think you will enjoy.

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Here goes our video on gestational diabetes:

BREASTFEEDING And Prematurity: Excellent Tips To Empower Yourself

Prematurity and breastfeeding can work together!

If you are a mother of a premature baby, I want to take this time out to say be strong in the Lord and in the power of His might. I want you to trust in God and ask Him to help you to be strong for your baby. Ask Him to heal your baby because by His stripes we are healed. (1 Peter 2:24). Prepare yourself for a journey that will pass. The first few days after birth can be daunting. But fear not , take one day at a time.

Breastmilk has for many years been lifesaving for little precious humans. Some health care providers have been concerned that fragile premature infants might be infected by bacteria in breast milk or by contact with the breastfeeding mother. However, a 2011 study (4) examined such concerns and determined that there was no correlation between finding bacteria in breast milk and the baby developing an infection. There was also no relationship between skin-to-skin contact with the baby and infection rates. They strongly advised against culturing the mother’s milk for bacteria before feeding, describing this as not a useful practice.

Why Are Breastfeeding Rates So Low Globally?

It is known that breastfeeding in babies still remains pretty low globally , and partly to blame are hospital routines that often make it difficult for mothers to establish milk production and get the baby latching well. It is often common practice to schedule feedings and some require babies to be drinking from a bottle before the baby is “allowed” to start breastfeeding. I have worked worked in this area for the past thirteen years and this is for the most part true.

This is also a difficult time emotionally for the parents. Many parents find it hard to believe their baby will survive. It’s hard to focus on building up a good milk supply when you are not sure your baby will ever be big enough to drink it.

Supporting breastfeeding is often not a priority for members of hospital staff who are focused on other aspects of caring for babies who may have significant medical problems and needs.

Kangaroo Care:

Kangaroo care, though it should be encouraged as much as possible, it is usually only for one hour skin to skin contact each hour. For more information about this approach to caring for a premature baby and some of the research supporting it, see

What Can I Do To Help My Premature Baby?

  • Know the facts about why breastfeeding is so important for your baby.
  • Seek out support.( La Leche League Leaders, nurses, midwives) can be a great resource for breastfeeding help and may be able to put you in touch with other mothers who have been through the experience of mothering a premie.
  • Find out what arrangements are possible for staying near your baby. In some hospitals, you may be able to stay 24/7 in a room attached to the premature nursery; in others there may be no options other than to come in during the day and go home at night. It never hurts to ask: one mother I know was given a bed in an on-call room to sleep so she could be present for her baby’s night feedings.
  • Maximize skin-to-skin time and do kangaroo care if at all possible. Just having your baby skin-to-skin will increase your milk production.
  • Remove milk from the breast frequently, day and night. Short, frequent feedings are more helpful in establishing milk production than longer, widely spaced feedings. Hand expression may be most effective at first; a breast pump may be helpful later. (Hand expressing after you pump can increase milk removal and therefore milk production.) Of course, as soon as the baby is able to breastfeed, that becomes another way to remove milk. You may find that you are producing more milk than your baby needs at first. That’s okay, he’ll catch up!
  • Avoid bottles if possible. Sometimes hospital policies require that babies have bottles prior to breastfeeding, and fighting the policy may be more stress than parents can deal with. Working with a La Leche League Leader or lactation consultant can help you get your baby breastfeeding effectively even if bottles have been given.
  • Watch your baby for signs of readiness to breastfeed. This is your baby’s feeding cues. They help you to know when your baby is ready to feed. Your baby may have become used to the nursery routines, but as he gets stronger you’ll want to respond to his hunger cues.

Every baby is an individual, and premature babies will have different challenges than those who are full term.

Did you know that premature babies are not fed on demand? No, they are fed every one -2 hours.

 After the first hour

Many premature babies will be stable in skin-to-skin contact after 90 minutes, often to the surprise of health professionals. Decisions need to be made about feeding and fluids and continued care. Oxygen by mask or by CPAP [or continuous positive airway pressure] can easily be arranged while in skin-to-skin contact, drips and feeding tubes can be secured sideways.

If the baby is stable and the mother well, the carrier can be used. A premature baby should not be fed on demand, it needs to be fed far more frequently, every hour or two, day and night. This means loosening the wrapper regularly, so that mother can express breast milk. This is good for the baby and mother, though baby must never get cold.” I like to encourage moms to request to breastfeed as soon as possible. The sooner the better.

What Are Some Of The Issues I Will Face With Breastfeeding My Premie?

Be strong and courageous God is with you

You are risk for low milk production :Stimulate your milk supply:

The most efficient and convenient way to do this is to use a hospital-grade pump with a double collection kit (a hospital nurse or lactation consultant will get one for you and show you how to use it). You’ll also eventually want to rent one to use for the first several weeks at home, until you’re sure your baby is feeding well at your breast.

Poor latch: While in hospital, learn how to properly latch your baby

Learning to breastfeed a premature baby can be challenging as your baby’s suck-swallow-breathe reflex is usually not developed until the 32 week in the womb. This is about 8 weeks before being full term.

It can also be challenging to figure out whether your baby is getting enough by breast alone if you’re used to supplementing feedings.

Not recognizing baby’s feeding cues: Watch out for your baby’s feeding cues

A common rule in taking care of preterm babies is to limit how much they cry, on the theory that crying wastes precious energy better devoted to growing. Of course, it’s harder to care for a baby when you can’t wait for him to cry out to say he’s hungry or uncomfortable. You’ll have to learn to anticipate your baby’s hunger, which takes time. To minimize crying and maximize intake, you must figure out when your baby wants to eat, and when he’ll be ready for the next feeding. This isn’t easy because premature babies tend to be quieter when asking for food than their full-term peers. Wakefulness may be the only clue that he’s getting hungry, instead of the full-throated wail heard in most nurseries.

You may be afraid to ask about your baby’s health: Ask anyway

Many mothers of premature babies are usually reluctant to ask about their infant’s condition. You will worry if you do not know the chances of survival for your baby. Ask the doctors and nurses about your baby’s progress and make time to meet them.

Adhere to the hospital’s policy for prevention of infection as much as possible.

In the Neonatal Intensive Care Units, there are certain protocols that are in place to help prevent baby from getting sick. Adhere as much as possible to handwashing techniques, bringing supplies for baby, and gowning up before visiting.

Breastfeeding Benefits: Always Good For You And Baby

Your breast milk is important to your baby at any age. Giving your premature baby your breast milk benefits their health as well as yours.

Breast milk:

  • helps protect your baby from infections, particularly of their gut – premature babies are more likely to get infections than full term babies.
  • contains hormones, nutrients and growth factors that help your baby to grow and develop
  • is easier for your baby to digest than formula milk, because it’s human milk specially designed by your body for your baby

See other benefits of breastfeeding.

How About Donors Milk?

Hey mamas, if you are experiencing low milk supply, you can consider getting donors breast milk.

Insufficient breast milk? Consider donor’s milk

Some hospitals can provide donated breast milk for your baby to have until your own supply is established.

See the United Kingdom Association for Milk Banking (UKAMB) website for more about donor breast milk.

If donor breast milk is not available, your baby can have formula milk until you’re producing enough breast milk.

It’s recommended you do not buy donor milk over the internet. This is because the source cannot be confirmed and you cannot be sure whether the donor or the milk has been screened for infections.

Participate In Your Baby’s Care: Learn to tube feed your baby

Babies do not normally learn to co-ordinate the sucking, swallowing and breathing needed for feeding until about 34 to 36 weeks of pregnancy.

If your baby is born before this time, they may need to have breast milk via a feeding tube to begin with. This goes through their nose or mouth into their stomach. The staff in the neonatal unit can show you how to feed your baby this way.

Babies who are very premature or sick may need to be fed via an intravenous (IV) line to begin with. A fluid containing nutrients is fed straight into your baby’s vein.

Visit the Bliss website to read more about tube feeding.

Bottom Line:

Breastfeeding and prematurity can work. There is really no need for you to stress out. Take it slow and be strong and courageous in God, knowing that you will come out safe. Take advantage of your hospital visits. Try to visit as often as possible. Research has shown that the babies who do well are the ones who are visited by their parents. Keep your relationships healthy and strong. You will need support from time to time. Ask questions about your baby. Touch your baby , pray during each visit. Please leave comments or questions below. Thanks for stopping by. Visit again. If you are a mother of a premature baby, please leave some comments below to let me know how you are doing. Here is a great video on breastfeeding your premature baby. Enjoy!

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Breastfeeding And Tattoos: What Are The Risks?

What are the risks?

Having a tatoo is not just a simple drawing on your skin. It means more than that. Are you thinking of getting a tattoo? Think again. Tattoos can be very harmful to your skin and can lead to infection, inflammation and even scarring.

A beautiful drawing on the skin may seem attractive to lots of people, but its side effects can be dangerous. Before you get that tattoo, you should educate yourself about what it means and what consequences it can have for your health.

Tattoo artists usually use an electric machine with disposable needs that injects colored inks into the lower layer of the skin, the dermis. The upper layer, or epidermis, does not retain the color, but rather sheds it as the skin is renewed.

This is why the ink is deposited into the lower layer of the skin where it will stay permanently, which is why it’s so difficult to remove a tattoo.

1. Why is Getting a Tattoo Dangerous?

Having a tattoos comes with risks!

First and foremost, you should seek out a salon approved by your country’s health authorities. Find a place where the professionals are qualified. Make sure that the instruments and products used high-quality and sterile.

(paid link)

That way, you can prevent contamination from diseases. These include HIV, tetanus, hepatitis, and any other infections that are transmitted through the blood.

In any case, tattoos can produce a variety of skin complications. These include granulomas (an inflammation caused by an auto-immune reaction) and kelloid scars. These can appear suddenly from inflammatory or allergic reactions even years after you get your tattoo.

You should also avoid getting a tattoo that covers a mole, as it can later impede proper analysis of the skin should you find yourself at risk of cancerous complications.

2. Can I Breastfeed With Tattoos?

Getting a tattoo is a personal choice!

There are numerous health considerations to make when you breastfeed, so you may wonder if tattoos are a factor. Preexisting tattoos don’t impact the breastfeeding process. Getting a tattoo and undergoing tattoo removal are different matters.

Take precautions if you want a tattoo while breastfeeding. It may be a good idea to delay tattoo removal while you breastfeed because it’s unknown whether the broken-down tattoo ink can get into your milk supply.

Presently, there are no regulations against breastfeeding with tattoos. However, there is no evidence that says placement of tattoos does or does not increase any risks when breastfeeding, even if they’re on your breasts. There are mixed opinions on whether it’s advisable to get a tattoo while breastfeeding. Moreover, no research exists that provides negative evidence of

breastfeeding and getting tattooed. The Journal of Midwifery and Women’s Health advises against getting a tattoo if you’re pregnant or breastfeeding.

Tattoo establishments may not allow you to get a tattoo if you’re breastfeeding. They may be concerned about the possibility of increased risks, despite the lack of evidence. They may also be concerned about liability. If you do get a tattoo while breastfeeding, you may have to sign a legal waiver.

If you decide to get inked when you’re breastfeeding, let the tattoo artist know that you’re breastfeeding, and use the same precautions as anyone else seeking a new tattoo.

3. What Are The Risks?

Always outweigh the risks!

The tattooing process carries risks.

During the process, your skin is repeatedly poked with a small needle coated with ink. The ink is deposited in the second layer of your skin, known as the dermal layer.(PAID LINK)

Inks used for tattooing are not approved or regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for this use. Inks can contain a variety of materials including heavy metals and chemicals found in printer toner and paint.

Some of the risks of getting a tattoo include:

Complications following tattoo application can require treatments that may not be compatible with breastfeeding. For example, certain medications cannot be used when breastfeeding. Additionally, you can transmitTrusted Source HIV through breast milk.

4. Precautions To Watch Out For!

Having a tattoo while breastfeeding should be carefully considered!

Consider these precautions if you decide to get a tattoo while breastfeeding:

  • Use a licensed tattoo facility with a good reputation. A tattoo professional should use clean and sterile materials.
  • Be mindful about the placement of your tattoo. Your tattoo will take a few weeks or longer to heal. You may feel more pain if you get a tattoo in certain spots of your body while you’re breastfeeding. Think about how you hold the baby when breastfeeding and whether the baby will rub against the tattoo site.
  • Talk to your doctor if you have certain health conditions and are seeking a tattoo while breastfeeding. These include conditions like blood clotting, heart, and autoimmune conditions.
  • Keep your tattoo site clean while it heals. Wash the area with soap and water, and protect the tattoo when you’re in the sun.
  • Use safe pain-relieving medicines. Acetaminophen is generally considered safe while breastfeeding and can reduce pain.
  • While there’s no scientific data available on the safety of tattooing while breastfeeding, theoretical concerns exist regarding transmission of ink pigments to the infant during breastfeeding. Discuss any concerns you may have with your doctor.
  • Before you get something permanently embedded into your skin, you should take time to remember that if you ever get sick of it, getting rid of it is costly and extremely painful. There are so many people that go to health centers to get rid of old tattoos because of the complications that have arisen from them over time.
  • You could also end up with a scar where your tattoo formerly was.
  • In addition, you should also take into account that you may gain weight some day, which might cause your tattoo to stretch and warp.
  • The same is also true of pregnancy. That’s why it’s best for women to avoid tattooing their chests and stomach area as an artistic canvas.

5. Is It OK To have a tattoo removed while breastfeeding?

Lasers remove tattoos over several sessions by breaking down the ink in the dermal layer of your skin into smaller particles. Your immune system sweeps these broken-down particles to your liver. Your liver then filters them out of your body.

No studies have examined whether those particles can enter your milk supply and be passed to the baby. To limit the risk that the baby might ingest the particles, wait to remove your tattoos until you’re no longer breastfeeding.

Given the uncertainty of the safety of tattoo removal and breastfeeding, it is unlikely that a doctor will agree to move forward with the procedure while you’re breastfeeding.

6. Does Pregnancy Affect Tattoos?

Some persons might discover that their tattoos they had before pregnancy might have changed in how they look.. This is more likely to be from pregnancy than breastfeeding. Your body changes during pregnancy, and your tattoos may stretch and discolor.

Additionally, breastfeeding can cause your breasts to swell if you are engorged and could cause temporary distortion of a tattoo on the breast.

7. Modern Alternatives

If you want a tattoo but you are not sure if you’ll still like it later, here are some alternatives:

Nowadays, biodegradable inks that are less toxic and much easier to get rid of than the traditional ink are currently being developed. The only inconvenience of these inks is that they’re much more expensive than the regular ink and also can be quite difficult to come by.

It’s very important to keep in mind and check the ink quality. You may think you’re saving money at the start. However, cheap tattoos can end up being quite expensive if they later require medical attention or need to be removed due to complications.

There are several things you should know about the way inks and pigments can be contaminated:

  • The use of contaminated ingredients during production.
  • Manufacturing processes that introduce contaminants.
  • Anti-hygienic practices that contaminate the ink receptacles.
  • The use of water that has not been properly sterilized to dilute the inks.
  • The use of inks that are past their expiration date. (PAID LINK)

Overall, getting a tattoo is an important decision that shouldn’t be taken lightly. Keep this tips in mind to make it a healthy one

What Does God Say About Tattoos?

Present your bodies a living sacrifice!

Here are some scriptures (paid link) that describes how we should present our bodies to God:

You shall not make any cuts on your body for the dead or tattoo yourselves: I am the Lord. ~ Leviticus 19:28

Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit within you, whom you have from God? You are not your own, for you were bought with a price. So glorify God in your body. ~ 1 Corinthians 6:19-20

On his robe and on his thigh he has a name written, King of kings and Lord of lords. ~ Revelation 19:16

So, whether you eat or drink, or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God. ~ 1 Corinthians 10:31

And try to discern what is pleasing to the Lord. ~ Ephesians 5:10

“You are the sons of the Lord your God. You shall not cut yourselves or make any baldness on your foreheads for the dead. ~ Deuteronomy 14:1. (PAID LINK)

“All things are lawful,” but not all things are helpful. “All things are lawful,” but not all things build up. ~ 1 Corinthians 10:23

Therefore God gave them up in the lusts of their hearts to impurity, to the dishonoring of their bodies among themselves ~ Romans 1:24

Do you not know that you are God’s temple and that God’s Spirit dwells in you? If anyone destroys God’s temple, God will destroy him. For God’s temple is holy, and you are that temple. ~ 1 Corinthians 3:16-17

But I discipline my body and keep it under control, lest after preaching to others I myself should be disqualified. ~ 1 Corinthians 9:27

I appeal to you therefore, brothers, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God, which is your spiritual worship. ~ Romans 12:1

It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. If there is a natural body, there is also a spiritual body. ~ 1 Corinthians 15:44

Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit within you, whom you have from God? You are not your own ~ 1 Corinthians 6:19

For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so that each one may receive what is due for what he has done in the body, whether good or evil. ~ 2 Corinthians 5:10

Do not present your members to sin as instruments for unrighteousness, but present yourselves to God as those who have been brought from death to life, and your members to God as instruments for righteousness. ~ Romans 6:13

Do not let your adorning be external—the braiding of hair and the putting on of gold jewelry, or the clothing you wear— but let your adorning be the hidden person of the heart with the imperishable beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which in God’s sight is very precious. ~ 1 Peter 3:3-4.

The Bible is a wonderful book that could make your life a better one. You can make a purchase here @ this paid link.

Additional questions about breastfeeding and tattoos

You may find that there are certain myths circulating about tattoos and breastfeeding. Here are a few.

Can tattoos harm your breastfed baby?

It’s not likely that tattoos you had prior to breastfeeding will harm the baby. The ink won’t transfer from the dermal layer of your skin to your breast milk.

Can you donate breast milk if you have tattoos?

You can donate breast milk if you have tattoos, even if they are recent, as long as they were applied with a single-use sterile needle, following the guidelines of the Human Milk Banking Association of America. A milk bank will screen your milk for safety eight days after any new tattoo.

Bottom Line

Breastfeeding with tattoos is a personal choice. There is no evidence to prove that it affects breastfeeding in a negative or positive way. There is always the possibility that whatever you put into your baby can affect your baby. It is important to know that if you do decide to get a tattoo, ensure that the technician is certified to do it. Be mindful that God has provided many scriptures to help us in making our decision on getting a tattoo. Additionally, be aware that using alternative inks are better in the event that you want to remove it later. Make sure your technician adheres to all of the safety precautions to prevent complications. If you have any comments, feel free to comment below. I wish you al the best

Last medically reviewed on March 19, 2019

Medically reviewed by Holly Ernst, PA-C — Written by Natalie Silver on March 19, 2019

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Breastfeeding And Jaunice: Is Breastfeeding My Baby Ruined?

Hello Mamas! Its me again bringing you another dynamic topic- jaundice in breastfeeding babies. I am sure most of you have heard about this topic before. For those of you who have not heard about it or do not know what it is about, I will give you the full brunt of it right in this post. After 34 years of nursing, working in the neonatal intensive care units, I has discovered that jaundice in infants is quite common.

What Is Jaundice?

Jaundice, a sign of elevated bilirubin levels, is common during the first weeks of life, especially among preterm newborns. Bilirubin, a product from the normal breakdown of red blood cells, is elevated in newborns for several reasons:

  • Newborns have a higher rate of bilirubin production due to the shorter lifespan of red blood cells and higher red blood cell concentration compared to adults.
  • Newborns have immature liver function, leading to slower metabolism of bilirubin.
  • Newborns may have a delay in passage of meconium, leading to increased reabsorption of bilirubin in the intestines.
  • In most newborns, jaundice is termed “physiologic jaundice” and is considered harmless.

Did you know that there are different types of jaundice?

Types of jaundice include:

  1. Normal newborn jaundice—happens naturally after birth.

Also known as physiological (normal functioning) jaundice, physiologic hyperbilirubinemia or icterus.

It is normal for a newborn baby’s bilirubin levels to rise after birth and then drop again during the first two weeks of life. In the first five days the levels of bilirubin in formula fed babies are the same as optimally fed breastfed babies 

2. Breast milk jaundice— or Breastfeeding Jaundice. Breast milk jaundice is unlikely to cause harm and the jaundice will gradually fade without treatment. However, prolonged jaundice can be an indication of serious liver disease or involve some other cause (Gartner, 2001). You can still breastfeed Mama. (PAID LINK)


Breastfeeding and Jaundice, Gartner, 2001

The full-term infant with breastmilk jaundice of less than 340 µM/L (20 mg/dl ) requires no intervention, and breastfeeding should be continued without interruption. For those full-term, healthy infants with breastmilk jaundice and serum bilirubin levels between 340 and 425 µM/L (20 and 25 mg/dl ), closer observation of bilirubin concentrations is indicated. Some clinicians may wish to observe, whereas others may choose to complement breastfeeding with formula for 24 to 48 hours, which will reduce intestinal bilirubin absorption, or initiation of phototherapy. When serum bilirubin concentrations rise toward 425 µM/L (25 mg/dl), the use of phototherapy while continuing breastfeeding, or the interruption of breastfeeding for 24 hours, substituting formula, may be indicated.

If a baby is poorly or premature the safe level for bilirubin may be lower and will require closer monitoring.

This is great news!

3. Starvation jaundice—insufficient calories increase the bilirubin pool. Breastfeeding or starvation jaundice can happen in the first few days of life or it can occur later in the newborn period, this is not “normal”. It is caused by not enough milk and it is the baby equivalent of adult starvation jaundice. Large amounts of bilirubin in meconium coupled with infrequent stools increase the serum bilirubin levels (levels in the blood) and further increase reabsorption of bilirubin in the intestines. A baby may have a combination of breast milk jaundice and starvation jaundice at the same time (Gartner 2001). This indicates the importance of getting breastfeeding off to a good start from birth with help from your IBCLC lactation consultant. When a baby gets plenty of colostrum and breast milk he will have plenty of poops (stools) and frequent poops help to lower the bilirubin levels. (PAID LINK)

4. Pathological jaundice—specific medical conditions cause or increase jaundice. A number of medical conditions can cause abnormal jaundice (see risk factors below). This type of jaundice usually appears within the first 24 hours after birth. It can also be combined with breast milk jaundice and/or starvation jaundice so, as above, it is still important to get feeding off to a good start with help from your IBCLC and see ABM Clinical Protocol #22, 2017.

One of the risk factors for abnormal jaundice is if there are certain incompatible blood types between mother and baby. Derby National Health Service (NHS) in the United Kingdom have a handout explaining more:


Jaundice in your Newborn Baby, Derby Hospitals, NHS [2017 accessed Oct 2019]

5.Rh incompatibility

If the mother’s blood group is negative( e.g. A-, B-, O-)and the baby’s blood group is positive, antibodies may be made by the mother to protect her against what the body recognizes as different cells. These antibodies invade the baby’s blood stream and surround his/her red blood cells causing them to break down. This is called ‘Hemolytic Disease of the Newborn’. It is usually prevented by screening during pregnancy and by the mother having an ‘Anti D’ injection to prevent the antibodies being produced.

ABO incompatibility

Different blood groups already have antibodies present. This means that if the mother’s and the baby’s blood group are different and they become mixed for some reason, the mother’s antibodies will break down the baby’s red blood cells, as happens with Rh incompatibility.

Both of the above conditions are usually diagnosed quickly, as your baby will become jaundiced within 24 hours of birth.

Different sorts of jaundice may occur at the same time. This can complicate things for baby as far as treatment is concerned.

Should I Continue breastfeeding?

Yes you can! Most newborns with jaundice can continue breastfeeding. More frequent breastfeeding can improve the mother’s milk supply and, in turn, improve caloric intake and hydration of the infant, thus reducing the elevated bilirubin. In rare cases, some infants may benefit from a time-limited, temporary interruption (12-48 hours1,2) of breastfeeding with replacement feeding to help aid in the diagnosis of breast milk jaundice. Ongoing clinical assessment, including repeat bilirubin levels, will help determine when breastfeeding can resume. (PAID LINK)

Further guidance is outlined in the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine’s clinical protocols on supplementationexternal icon and jaundiceexternal icon. If temporary breastfeeding interruption is required, it is critical to help mothers maintain their milk production during this time. Your health professionals will keep an eye on bilirubin levels while breastfeeding continues and may carry out tests to rule out more serious causes of raised levels. They will advise if any treatment is needed should levels rise towards a certain threshold. Contacting an IBCLC lactation consultant if there are any problems with breastfeeding or milk supply will help avoid the possibility of getting starvation jaundice (see below) and breast milk jaundice at the same time.  The following paper from Gartner discusses the levels of bilirubin found in breast milk jaundice.

If I am at risk, what signs can I look for?

Vomiting & lethargy are some signs of jaundice!
  • You can observe your baby’s skin color for a yellow tinge
  • Observe your baby’s eyes for a yellow coloration
  • Fatigue- Your baby may look weak and fraile
  • weight loss
  • fever
  • vomiting
  • Presence of dark urine
  • pale stools are common.

Learn More

Sunning Your Baby Helps Reduce the levels of Bilirubin

Sunlight helps to reduce bilirubin levels!

“The practice of placing jaundiced infants under sunlight to reduce discoloration is a cultural health belief in most communities and appears to be effective in many anecdotal reports. In fact, midwives, nurses, doctors and pediatricians were identified to be the main professional sources of this belief [1]. In an in vitro experiment, it was found that sunlight was 6.5 times more effective than phototherapy in the isomerization of bilirubin compared to a phototherapy unit [2]. However, there are no appropriate controlled trials comparing the efficacy of sunlight to no treatment or artificial light therapy in jaundice [3]. Delayed treatment of severe jaundice in an otherwise healthy baby can result in the development of kernicterus – a complication causing brain damage as result of bilirubin deposition in the central nervous system [4]. Hence, withholding phototherapy would be unethical in controlled trials. We should not recommend sunlight for routine treatment of jaundice as this would encourage parental misconception that home therapy is adequate and result in delayed healthcare seeking behavior. Moreover, there are concerns of adverse effects of sunlight exposure causing skin tanning, sunburn and hyperthermia.” Neonatal Jaundice: To sun or not to sun? In our hospital in The Bahamas, we recommend putting baby in the sun for 15 minutes twice per day. This usually limits any harm to baby.

Learn More

Bottom Line:

Jaundice as you can see comes in different forms, however, it is great to know that your chances of breastfeeding your baby is high. When I worked in the hospital with the jaundiced babies , we always made sure that those babies were fed every 2 hours not 3 like with formula. Mamas, make sure you wake your baby if he/ she is sleeping. The bilirubin increases greatly when baby is low on calories. So make sure you give feeds every 2 hours. If you are breastfeeding, then baby can breastfeed anytime – less than 2 hours. Know also that God is with you. Always ask Him to help you. I wish wish you a safe, healthy, and happy breastfeeding journey. Stay inspired.(PAID LINK)

Check out this amazing video on Newborn Jaundice. Enjoy!

BREASTFEEDING In Public: Can You Do It?

Many countries support breastfeeding in public

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Hello Mamas. Are you bold enough to breastfeeding public? Many countries do not accept the fact that breastfeeding in public is ok. I think it really depends on the beliefs of the mother or father to choose doing it. Breastfeeding in public is an act of putting the baby to the breast in public places which can be just any place where people are- males or females. I have four children and I did breastfeed them, but not in public. I never felt comfortable doing it, but I do not condone people who have done it, as long as it was done respectfully .e.g. mother properly covered while baby is breastfeeding.

Is it hard to breastfeed in public?

There are laws that protect breastfeeding mothers. If you find it hard to breastfeed in public, you can try some of the tips below for breastfeeding discreetly. Wear clothes that allow easy access to your breasts, such as tops that pull up from the waist or button down. Fortunately, there are laws in all 50 states , in the United States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico that make it legal for your little star to dine straight from the source. And there are plenty of tips and tools that can make feeding in public places easy and comfortable. I wish I knew these tips when I had my children.

Thirty states have even taken this a step further and exempted breastfeeding from public indecency. This means if you live in one of these particular states, you don’t need to cover up while nursing. Basically, if you are legally allowed to be somewhere (not trespassing), then you are allowed to feed your baby in that space. This means you can nurse your baby legally in stores, restaurants, schools, airplanes, and anywhere else you find yourself.

The 30 states include: Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Florida, Idaho, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Utah, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin and Wyoming.

The laws are written slightly differently depending on where you live. If you’re curious to learn more, consider reading the breastfeeding laws by state

The Evident Pros Of Public Breastfeeding:

There are laws in some countries to protect women for breastfeeding in public

Breastfeeding in public has some benefits.

  • You probably have places to be, groceries to buy, and older siblings to cart to school and other activities. Your baby doesn’t always get the memo and gets hungry on their own schedule.
  • And forget the word “schedule” because during growth spurts, it may feel like your baby is insatiable at all hours of the day and night.
  • Not only that, but pumping and carrying around milk isn’t always possible or desirable.
  • If you’re traveling, for example, it might just be quicker and easier to feed directly from the source. Your baby may not even take bottles. Or they may want the breast purely for soothing comfort. The list of reasons goes on and on.
  • So, what do you do when you’re out and about and hear the cries of a hungry baby? That’s where breastfeeding in public comes in. “Public” can mean anything from a designated nursing area at a store to a park bench at the playground to a couch at your friend’s house.
  • The convenience – you don’t need the additional tools, don’t have to stop your activity
  • The baby gets what she needs right at the moment and is not stressed with waiting
  • The people may become a part of the sacred ritual of breastfeeding and enjoy the beauty of the picture
  • Breastfeeding itself is highly promoted through the right image of it

Fans of public breastfeeding say that they protect the right to freedom of movement and the right of the child to be fed on demand. But let’s discuss some not so positive points of public breastfeeding.

Few Cons Of Public Breastfeeding:

  • First, Calmness of nursing mother, her composure are very important for lactationStress and psychological disorders, in turn, can cause a reduction of volumes of milk or even its termination. Breastfeeding in a crowded place may distract the baby from the process. Though it’s a matter of habit, breastfeeding is an organized action, where both participators should have comfortable conditions.
  • Second, don’t forget about the weather conditions! The breasts are very sensitive at lactation and you have to take care of your breast, covering it from the aggressive environment, while breastfeeding in public. Wind is never good for the breasts. Sure you don’t bare your breasts, when it’s snowing, but you should still mind the weather conditions.
  • Third, the view of female breast is likely to be of interest not only for male passers-by but also for children. If driving attention to the act of breastfeeding is an act of promotion of breastfeeding itself – then you’re doing everything right, but you simultaneously demonstrate the bare breast in public, which is sexy, no matter what you have been told about the breast. So you have to be ready for the reactions, that are fairly predictable in the modern society. No matter – whether you are feeding your baby – you are baring your breast at the same time.

Breastfeeding Is Intimate

“Breastfeeding – is a sacred and intimate process, which is not supposed to involve spectators in order to be performed properly with a better efficiency.” The most arguments, however, come from the “no covers” issue. People don’t mind seeing a breastfeeding woman, but sometimes they mind the view of the partially naked breast, that is, as we’ve mentioned, a secondary sexual feature. Thus, if you want to get rid of those indignant sights – you may use the cover. Some of them are designed the way that your baby is not disturbed while breastfeeding and you may fully control the process

What percentage of women breastfeed In Public?

A survey by Start4Life found that 72% of people support women breastfeeding in public. The more it’s done, the more normal it will become. Here are some ideas to help you get started: Know your rights. You shouldn’t ever be made to feel uncomfortable about breastfeeding in public.

Breastfeeding in public can mean breastfeeding in front of a relative or friend in your own home, or in a public place, such as a cafe or shopping centre.

During your baby’s first few days, you may prefer to breastfeed only where you feel most comfortable. But, as you get more used to doing it, you’re likely to feel more confident about breastfeeding in front of other people when you’re out and about.

Most people support women breastfeeding in public. The more it’s done, the more normal it will become. Are you ready to take on the challenge?

Get Your Confidence With Breastfeeding In Public

Knowing your rights is key when breastfeeding in public

Here are some great tips to help you get started.

  • Know your rights. You should not ever be made to feel uncomfortable about breastfeeding in public. It is illegal for anyone to ask a breastfeeding woman to leave a public place, such as a cafe, shop or public transport.
  • Plan ahead. Before you go out, it can help to think about where you will feel comfortable breastfeeding when your baby gets hungry. Ask breastfeeding friends for recommendations.
  • A midwife, health visitor or peer supporters at a local breastfeeding drop-in will also know of good places in your area where you can feed your baby.
  • Clothes and bra. (paid link)What you wear when you’re breastfeeding is a matter of personal taste and what you feel comfortable in. For example, some mums like to wear loose tops that can be lifted up.
  • Others, who prefer to keep their tummy covered, wear two stretchy tops, so that the top layer can be lifted up and the bottom layer can be pulled down. A soft, non-underwired bra can be easily pulled up or down when you want to feed your baby.
  • Baby slings, scarves and cloths. (paid link) Some baby slings are designed so you can breastfeed while your baby is in the sling. Some mums feel more comfortable putting a scarf or muslin cloth over their chest while they’re breastfeeding.
  • Take someone with you. (paid link). It can help to go with a friend who has an older baby and can take you to places that she already knows. You could go with someone else, such as your mum, partner, sister or friend, so that there’s always someone to talk to.
  • Avoid public bathrooms. (paid link). Do not feel that you should sit in a public toilet to breastfeed. You would not eat in there, so do not feel that your baby should be fed there.

Breastfeeding in public can be intimidating for many women. No one should be discriminated if they opt to breastfeed in public. However, breastfeeding in public has both advantages and disadvantages. It is a personal choice. Knowing your rights is paramount in making the choice to breastfeed. Planning, wearing convenient clothing, and most of all your confidence. All of these points are keys in helping you master the art of breastfeeding in public. How do you feel about breastfeeding in public? Let me know how you feel about it and about your experiences.

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Here is a great video I found for you. Enjoy!

Breastfeeding And Herbal Tea: Staying Safe Is What Matters

If we made a decision to breastfeed, we should never let anything jeopardize our milk supply!

Hello Mamas. Who out there loves tea? Me, me! I love tea! I hope you are a tea lover and if you are not, I hope by the end of this post , I would have convinced you to at least like it.

How about a little history?

Did you know that tea is the most popular manufactured drink consumed in the world, equaling all others – including coffee, soft drinks, and alcohol – combined? Most tea consumed outside East Asia is produced on large plantations in the hilly regions of India and Sri Lanka and is destined to be sold to large businesses. Opposite this large-scale industrial production are many small “gardens,” sometimes minuscule plantations, that produce highly sought-after teas prized by gourmets. These teas are both rare and expensive and can be compared to some of the most expensive wines in this respect. Tea is believed to be discovered sometime between 30th century BC and 21st century BC. It was initially used as medicine in ancient China, where people chewed on fresh leaves for their refreshing and invigorating effect before they learned to brew it in water to make a drink out of it. Yes Mam. You can actually get benefits from just chewing on the leaves!

India is the world’s largest tea-drinking nation, although the per capita consumption of tea remains a modest 750 grams (26 oz) per person every year. Turkey, with 2.5 kilograms (5 lb 8 oz) of tea consumed per person per year, is the world’s greatest per capita consumer.

Drinking lots of tea and breastfeeding? If you are drinking tea while breastfeeding, you need to remember that most teas contain caffeine.

Caffeine is not recommended in large quantities and breastfeeding mothers are advised to stick to no more than two or three cups per day.

What You Should Know About Caffeine

  • Also, when drinking caffeinated tea, it’s best to drink a cup after breastfeeding, instead of before, to ensure that the caffeine does not enter your breast milk.
  • Excess caffeine can cause your baby to become fussy and may cause sleep problems. The mother can start consuming more tea, once her baby is about six  months of age. (PAID LINK)
  • Most herbal teas are caffeine free (always read the label ). So, why not substitute your regular tea for some herbal, decaffeinated tea?
  • Did you know that not all herbal teas are safe to drink while breastfeeding and can even help with several breastfeeding problems, such as low milk supply and thrush?

What Are Herbal Breastfeeding Tea?

Herbal teas can sometimes be used as medicine; this is why it is essential that you first contact your doctor before drinking any herbal tea if you are breastfeeding .

Here is a list of teas (galactagogues) that supports or improves lactation:

Some of the most common lactogenic herbs include:

  • Fennel seed
  • Fenugreek
  • Red raspberry leaf
  • Anise seed
  • Blessed thistle
  • Goat’s rue
  • Milk thistle

Each one of these herbs individually can help to increase breastmilk production and support postpartum mothers.(PAID LINK)

One of the easiest ways to get all the benefits of these herbs without having to take seven different herbal supplement pills is to ingest them in the form of a tea. This I believe is remarkable. Drinking a tea that will help to give a boost to milk production I think is pretty cool!

Precautions when Drinking Herbal Teas while Nursing:

  • Make sure that it is caffeine free if you are drinking more than three cups daily.
  • Make sure that the specific herb is safe to take while breastfeeding. List of safe and unsafe herbs can be found below.
  • Make sure that the specific herb in the tea does not decrease breast milk supply.
  • If you are allergic to plants or pollen, it’s best to stay away from related herbal plants.
  • Always buy teas with proper labeling of ingredients.
  • Avoid pharmacologically active herbal teas.
  • Always check with your pediatrician before drinking any herbal teas while breastfeeding.

Teas that a Breastfeeding Mom should Not Drink
(not a complete list)

Bladderwrack, Buckthorn, Chaparral, Coltsfoot (Farfarae folium), Dong Quai (Angelica Root), Elecampane, Ephedra / Ephedra sinica / Ma Huang, Ginseng (Panax ginseng), Evodia, Black Cohosh, Valerian, Indian Snakeroot, Kava-kava (piper methysticum), Petasites root, Phen-fen, Rhubarb root, Star anise, Tiratricol (TRIAC), Uva Ursi, Wormwood, Sophora root, Ginkgo, Coptis, Aloe, Senna, Borrage, Licorice, Basil and Rue,Borage and Comfery tea.

Are There Any Herbal Teas That Could Reduce My Milk Supply?

Thyme tea among others can reduce your milk supply

Yes there are. Here are a some of them.

  • Sage, Menthol, spearmint or peppermint teas. (Peppermint is safe in small amounts and is often used to reduce colic and tummy ailments while breastfeeding)
  • Teas containing any of the following herbs: Black Walnut, Chickweed, Cocoa, Herb Robert (Geranium robertianum), Lemon Balm, Oregano, Parsley (Petroselinum crispum), Periwinkle Herb (Vinca minor), Sorrel (Rumex acetosa), Thyme and Yarrow.

Teas that are Safe to Drink while Breastfeeding
(Also not a complete list)

Ginger tea, Linden flower tea, Orange peel & Citrus peel teas, Rosehip tea (contains extra vitamin C), Orange cinnamon tea, Lemon tea and Raspberry teas.

Herbal Teas Safe for Increasing Milk Supply

  • Organic mothers milk tea ~ Mother’s milk tea ingredients: Mothers milk herbal tea contains fennel, aniseed, and coriander. Does mother’s milk tea work? Organic mother’s milk tea works well for mothers who have periods of decreased milk supply, or for extra milk during nighttime nursing.
  • Fenugreek tea (large amounts may lower blood sugar levels).
  • Blessed thistle tea can be taken in small amounts.
  • Fennel tea taken in small amounts.
  • Raspberry leaf tea.
  • Goat’s rue teas.
  • Nettle tea.
  • Teas containing the following herbs: Hops

More Specific Herbs / Teas and Breastfeeding

  • Green tea and breastfeeding: Can you drink green tea while breastfeeding? Most green teas do contain caffeine, but you may be able to find green tea that is caffeine-free. High amounts of green tea are not recommended for breastfeeding women. This herb has not been tested for safety while nursing.
  • Fennel tea while breastfeeding: If you are taking the fennel tea to help a gassy baby, small amounts are safe.
  • Feverfew and breastfeeding: Not enough information is available on this herb, and it should be avoided while breastfeeding. Mothers might want to use this herb to relieve headaches, and it is best to get the advice of a professional or use something else in its place. 
  • Red raspberry leaf tea breastfeeding: This is an excellent tea for lactation ( increasing milk supply ) and contains loads of minerals.
  • Nettle tea breastfeeding: This herb is usually combined with other herbs to make lactation teas that increase milk supply.
  • Chamomile tea breastfeeding: Chamomile tea is sometimes used to help a mother rest or sleep better and can even help calm a teething baby. Alfalfa breastfeeding tea: Can be used safely to increase milk supply. Can increase milk supply from 50 – 100%. Can also be used in combination with fenugreek, blessed thistle, and marshmallow.
  • Milk thistle breast feeding tea: Used as a powerful galactagogue to increase milk supply.
  • Echinacea breastfeeding immune support tea: Is safe, if taken in small amounts (1 cup per day). No harmful side effects have been reported.
  • Ginger tea breastfeeding: Ginger tea is excellent for soothing tummies and increasing circulation and is safe to drink while breastfeeding.
  • Oregano breastfeeding tea: Oregano tea can decrease your milk supply. (PAID LINK)

Make sure it’s decaffeinated. If it’s not decaffeinated, you may drink three cups per day, depending on whether you are consuming other caffeine products like chocolate, coffee, etc.

Here are a few comments by other Moms who have used chamomile tea while breastfeeding. 

Comments From Moms Who Drink Chamomile Tea

Q & A

Aloe Vera Tea While Breastfeeding?

by Tammy

“I drink 8oz at night before bed and in the morning before breakfast, should I stop?”

Re: Aloe Vera tea and breastfeeding

by: Tracy

“Hi there, not many herbs have been studied or researched extensively when it comes to breastfeeding, but Aloe Vera tea is on the list of teas to avoid while pregnant or breastfeeding and has been said to be harmful.

Maybe if you are taking the tea for medicinal purposes, you can find another safer alternative herb or herbal tea.

Hope this helps”

Thai Tea While Breastfeeding – Is It Safe?

“Is it safe to drink Thai tea, if breastfeeding?”

Re: Thai tea and breastfeeding

by: Lisa

“I don’t think there would be a problem, as long as you drink it in moderation. Caffeinated drinks should be kept to a minimum.

Tea has much less caffeine in it, compared to coffee. I would suggest that you have a look at the caffeine content before buying.

Also look out for any strange symptoms in the baby after drinking it, such as a change in sleep pattern, fussiness and so forth.”

Hibiscus Tea

by Misty (Nevada)

“Is Hibiscus tea safe to drink while breastfeeding?”

Re: Hibiscus tea and breastfeeding

by: Tracy

“I’ve never heard or read of hibiscus tea not being safe to drink while breastfeeding. I drank it during pregnancy and breastfeeding. I drink plain hibiscus tea, which is stronger than most of the tea blends that include hibiscus as an ingredient.

There does not seem to be any research on it though. Drink small amounts at first and keep an eye on your baby for anything out of the ordinary.”

We have come to the end of an exciting post explaining about the safety of breastfeeding while drinking tea. As you can see, there are many teas, but not all are suitable for breastfeeding. It certainly was a pleasure to give you some insight about this timely topic. I wish you a happy, healthy and safe breastfeeding journey. Cheers to your breastfeeding success!

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Here is a great video on breastfeeding and herbal teas

Important! FDA is warning pregnant women not to use over-the-counter pain relievers

This includes those with brand names Motrin, Advil, Aleve, Ecotrin and Bayer Aspirin and generic versions with the names ibuprofen, naproxen and aspirin.

The Food and Drug Administration issued a warning on Oct. 15, 2020 to both health care professionals and women about the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs after 20 weeks of pregnancy.

This comes after the FDA added its post-marketing surveillance data to the accumulating information appearing in medical journals. Consumers spent $4.3 billion on more than 760 million bottles of NSAIDs in 2019. This includes those with brand names Motrin, Advil, Aleve, Ecotrin and Bayer Aspirin and generic versions with the names ibuprofen, naproxen and aspirin.

Those numbers are in addition to the millions of prescriptions written for pain medications containing NSAIDs or NSAID/opioid combination products written for each year. All of this makes the warning a significant move, especially considering that pregnant women often experience aches and pains that might be alleviated by these drugs.

What is the issue? Kidney Function

Doctors and pharmacists have known for some time that NSAIDs can decrease kidney function in adults and permanently damage some people’s kidneys. Higher-dose NSAID therapy, longer-term treatment and use in pre-existing kidney dysfunction are especially dangerous to adults. The FDA now believes that this kidney risk extends to the fetus as well if the mother uses NSAIDs.

The fetus is surrounded by a protective amniotic sac filled with fluid. This fluid is made by the mother up to the 20th week, but after that, the fetus’s own kidneys create a majority of the protective fluid. The FDA is aware of dozens of cases where physicians have detected low and possibly dangerous levels of amniotic fluid in mothers who were taking NSAIDs. In many of these cases, when the mother stopped taking the NSAID, the levels of amniotic fluid started going back toward normal but went down again when the NSAID was restarted. In some of those same mothers, low amniotic fluid levels were detected after the use of NSAIDs for only two days. But for other pregnant women, it took several weeks before low amniotic fluid levels were detected.

In five cases, the FDA is aware of newborns who died of kidney failure shortly after birth. While this is a small number of cases overall, the FDA believes there are likely many other cases where NSAID-induced reductions in amniotic fluid levels are not being detected because both patients and physicians are unaware of the risk.

What about non-drug options?

The use of dietary supplements for pain relief could be risky because the FDA does not adequately ensure manufacturing quality and the products could contain heavy metals, bacteria or mold. Dietary supplements are simply not regulated for safety and efficacy in the way that drugs are. In addition, the lack of safety data with dietary supplements does not mean that issues will not occur, just that the risks are unknown.

What should pregnant women do?

The FDA recommends that health care professionals limit prescribing NSAIDs or recommending over-the-counter NSAIDs to women between 20 to 30 weeks of pregnancy and avoid it altogether after 30 weeks if at all possible. If NSAID treatment is necessary, they should use the lowest effective dose for the shortest duration possible. Health care professionals should consider ultrasound monitoring of amniotic fluid if NSAID treatment extends beyond 48 hours, and discontinue the NSAIDs if the amniotic fluid level is reduced.

The best thing a pregnant woman considering an over the counter NSAID for pain can do is discuss it with her obstetrician first. Her obstetrician may recommend acetaminophen (Tylenol) as a viable alternative. Even then, however, there is some preliminary evidence that use of a higher dose or prolonged therapy with acetaminophen during pregnancy is linked to attention deficit disorder or autism as the child develops.

Pharmacists are a wonderful resource to help patients identify which over-the-counter products contain acetaminophen or NSAIDs. This can sometimes be tricky because, in addition to regular pain relievers, they also exist in some over-the-counter cold and flu products and some sleep aids.

What about non-drug options?

The use of dietary supplements for pain relief could be risky because the FDA does not adequately ensure manufacturing quality and the products could contain heavy metals, bacteria or mold. Dietary supplements are simply not regulated for safety and efficacy in the way that drugs are. In addition, the lack of safety data with dietary supplements does not mean that issues will not occur, just that the risks are unknown.

Breastfeeding And Marijuana: Best Researched Data

Lately, a lot has been said about marijuana. When it comes to breastfeeding, what are the implications, and what are the risks? According t the American Academy of Peadiatrics Commitee on Drugs (2001)concludes that Using marijuana while breastfeeding can allow harmful chemicals to pass from the mother to the infant through breast milk or secondhand smoke exposure. To limit potential risk to the infant, breastfeeding mothers should be advised not to use marijuana or products containing cannabidiol (CBD) in any form while breastfeeding.

Separate from the direct, chemical effects of marijuana on a baby, use of marijuana may affect a mother’s ability to be able to properly care for her baby. Maternal judgment. This brings on added safety concerns of whether the mother is competent. As you are aware, when addiction is present, so is irresponsibility. The drug can take priority over the baby.

Is It Safe For A Mother To Breastfeed While On Marijuana?

There presently is no data to conclude yes or no. However what we do know is chemicals from marijuana in any form (including edibles, oils, or other concentrates) can be passed from a mother to her infant through breast milk. These chemicals have the potential to affect a variety of neurodevelopmental processes in the infant. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the main active component of marijuana, is stored in body fat and slowly released over time, meaning an infant could be exposed to an unknown amount and for an extended period of time. In addition, some products, including cannabidiol (CBD) products, may contain other contaminants (e.g., pesticides, heavy metals, bacteria, and fungus) that could be dangerous to a mother and her infant.

What Effects Could Marijuana Have On A Baby?

Research also showed marijuana use could have longer-term effects: Babies exposed to THC in breast milk had poorer scores on motor development tests — which assess a baby’s movements and responses to his environment — at age 1. The studies on marijuana and breastfeeding have lots of warnings.

Can Second Hand Smoke Affect The Baby?

Yes it can. Any secondhand smoke the baby is exposed to increases the amount of the drug your baby receives. Also, because street drugs are rarely pure, marijuana may be laced with other drugs or substances that can also be harmful to the breastfeeding baby. Prevention is better than cure.

The active ingredient in marijuana, THC, will be stored in mom’s fat tissues for long periods (weeks to months) and will build up in the body with continued use.

What Other Effects Can Marijuana Have On The Baby?

  1. Small to moderate secretion into breastmilk has been documented, and THC is concentrated in human milk. According to Hale, analysis of breastmilk from chronic heavy users indicated an eight-fold concentration in milk compared to mom’s blood plasma, however the dose received by baby was insufficient to produce significant side effects. Marijuana is not safe for mother or baby. Here are some reasons why:

2. Marijuana no doubt does affect a baby’s metabolism. Studies have shown significant absorption and metabolism in infants, although long term effects have not been shown.

3. Marijuana can cause sleepiness in the baby, which can lead to slow weight gain and possibly slow overall development in the baby long term. In addition, babies whose mothers smoke marijuana regularly have a higher risk of SIDS.

4. Hale reports a possibility of decreased milk production. In animals, THC decreases the amount of milk produced by suppressing the production of prolactin and, possibly, by a direct action on the mammary glands.

5. An alteration of brain cells. There is significant brain growth occurring during a baby’s first months of life; marijuana may alter brain cells. Animal studies (on babies whose mothers’ milk contained THC) have shown that DNA and RNA metabolism may also be affected and the proteins needed for proper growth and development impaired.

6. After a breastfeeding mother uses marijuana, THC is evident in her baby’s urine and stools (Perez-Reyes and Wall, 1982). Infants exposed to marijuana via breast milk will test positive in urine screens for long periods (2-3 weeks).

7. Decreased motor development. One study (Astley and Little, 1990) found that exposure to marijuana through their mother’s milk during the first month of life resulted in decreased motor development at one year of age. In another study of 27 infants evaluated at 1 year of age who were exposed to marijuana via breastmilk (compared to 35unexposed infants), no significant differences were found in terms of age at weaning, growth, and mental or motor development. Follow-up of these infants has been limited.

8. A decrease in brain function. Another study (Baker, Datta, et al 2018) sampled milk from eight mothers who regularly consumed cannabis, finding concentrations of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) such that breastfeeding infants would receive 2.5% of the maternal dose. The study cautions: “The long-term neurobehavioral effect of exposure to delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol on the developing brain is unclear. Mothers should be cautious using cannabis during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

What Is Second Hand Smoking?

Read more to learn about the dangers of ­secondhand smoke and how to create a smoke-free environment for your children. 

Secondhand smoke (also known as environmental tobacco smoke) is the smoke a smoker breathes out and that comes from the tip of burning cigarettes, pipes, and cigars. It contains about 4,000 chemicals. Many of these chemicals are dangerous; more than 50 are known to cause cancer. Anytime children breathe in secondhand smoke they are exposed to these chemicals. 

The American Academy Pediatrics (AAP) has conducted research on the effects of thirdhand smoke and found that it is also harmful. Thirdhand smoke is the smoke left behind—the harmful toxins that remain in places where people have smoked previously. Thirdhand smoke can be found in the walls of a bar, upholstery on the seats of a car, or even a child’s hair after a caregiver smokes near the child. 

What Are The Dangers Of Second Hand Smoke?

Did you know, even if you don’t smoke, breathing in someone else’s smoke can be deadly too? Secondhand smoke causes about 3,000 deaths from lung cancer and tens of thousands of deaths from heart disease to nonsmoking adults in the United States each year. 

Millions of children are breathing in secondhand smoke in their own homes. Secondhand smoke can be especially harmful to your children’s health because their lungs still are developing. If you smoke around your children or they are exposed to secondhand smoke in other places, they may be in more danger than you realize. Children whose parents smoke only outside are still exposed to the chemicals in secondhand smoke. The best way to eliminate this exposure is to quit. Your Developing Baby and Smoke

If you smoke or are exposed to secondhand smoke when you’re pregnant, your baby is exposed to harmful chemicals too. This may lead to many serious health problems, including: 

  • Miscarriage
  • Premature birth (born not fully developed)
  • Lower birth weight than expected (possibly meaning a less healthy baby)
  • Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
  • Learning problems and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

The health risks go up the longer the pregnant woman smokes or is exposed to smoke. Quitting anytime during pregnancy helps—of course, the sooner the better. All pregnant women should stay away from secondhand smoke and ask smokers not to smoke around them. 

Secondhand Smoke and Your Children’s Health

Infants have a higher risk of SIDS if they are exposed to secondhand smoke. Children have a higher risk of serious health problems, or problems may become worse. Children who breathe secondhand smoke can have more: 

  • Ear infections
  • Coughs and colds
  • Respiratory problems, such as bronchitis and pneumonia
  • Tooth decay

Children of smokers cough and wheeze more and have a harder time getting over colds. They miss many more school days too. Secondhand smoke can cause other symptoms including stuffy nose, headache, sore throat, eye irritation, and hoarseness. 

Children with asthma are especially sensitive to secondhand smoke. It may cause more asthma attacks and the attacks may be more severe, requiring trips to the hospital. 

What Are The Long-Term Effects of Secondhand Smoke

Children who grow up with parents who smoke are themselves more likely to smoke. Children and teens who smoke are affected by the same health problems that affect adults. Secondhand smoke may cause problems for children later in life including: 

  • Poor lung development (meaning that their lungs never grow to their full potential)
  • Lung cancer
  • Heart disease
  • Cataracts (an eye disease)

Secondhand Smoke is Everywhere

Children can be exposed to secondhand smoke in many places. Even if there are no smokers in your home, your children can still be exposed to secondhand smoke. Places include: 

  • In a car or on a bus
  • At child care or school
  • At a babysitter’s house
  • At a friend’s or relative’s house
  • In a restaurant
  • At the mall
  • At sporting events or concerts
  • In parks or playgrounds

Changing the Environment: Smoke-Free

Here are some helpful tips to protect you children from second hand smoke:

  • Be an exampleIf you smoke, quit today! If your children see you smoking, they may want to try it, and they may grow up smoking as well. If there are cigarettes at home, children are more likely to experiment with smoking—the first step in becoming addicted.
  • Remove your children from places where smoking is allowed, even if no one is smoking while you are there. Chemicals from smoke can be found on surfaces in rooms days after the smoking occurred.
  • Make your home smoke freeUntil you can quit, don’t smoke inside your home and don’t smoke anywhere near your children, even if you are outside. Don’t put out any ashtrays. Remember, air flows throughout a house, so smoking in even one room allows smoke to go everywhere.
  • Make your car smoke free. Until you can quit, don’t smoke inside your car. Opening windows isn’t enough to clear the air and can actually blow smoke back into the faces of passengers in the back seat.
  • Choose a babysitter who doesn’t smoke. Even if the babysitter smokes outside, your children are exposed. Consider changing babysitters to find a smoke-free environment for your children.
  • Encourage tobacco-free child care and schools. Help your children’s child care or school, including outdoor areas and teachers’ lounges, become tobacco free. Get your children involved in the effort to make schools tobacco free!

Children Should Not Suffer: Get Help

Getting professional help is the best decision you can do

If you smoke, one of the most important things you can do for your own health and the health of your children is to stop smoking. Quitting is the best way to prevent your children from being exposed to secondhand smoke. 

It may be hard to quit. Talk with your doctor or your child’s pediatrician if you need help. There are over-the-counter and prescription medicines that may help you quit. Call 1-800-QUIT-NOW to be connected to your state quitline- they can refer you to local resources and help you quit.

Parents need to make every effort to keep their children away from smokers and secondhand smoke. Parents who smoke should quit for their health and the health of their children. 

Additional Information & Resources:

Bottom Line:

Marijuana does not seem to be safe for baby during breastfeeding. Since the drugs can be passed on even with second hand smoke, mothers whose partners or relatives should stay away from baby to avoid complications of second hand smoke.

Children should not have to suffer because of adults bad habits. I am sure you agree. I encourage you to try to do all within your power to keep your environment safe for you and your children. God loves you. He will fight for you if you ask Him to help you.

Thank you for stopping by today. If you are someone reading this, and you are addictive to marijuana, I hope you seek help AS SOON AS POSSIBLE. Ask God to help you as you also seek professional help. I wish you every success on your breastfeeding journey. May yours be a happy, healthy and safe one for many years to come. What are some of your views about marijuana and breastfeeding? You can leave a comment below. For more details, you can check out the resources below.

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Here is a great video on breastfeeding and marijuana. Enjoy!

More References:

Cannabis. Entry from the Drug and Lactation Database (LactMed).

Marijuana Use During Breastfeeding by Susan Condon, IBCLC, CLE, CLC

Social Drugs and Breastfeeding: Handling an issue that isn’t black and white by Denise Fisher, BN, RN, RM, IBCLC. Discusses nicotine, alcohol, caffeine, marijuana, heroin, and methadone.

Marijuana from National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)


[most recent references listed first]

Baker T, Datta P, et al. Transfer of Inhaled Cannabis Into Human Breast Milk Obstetrics & Gynecology. April 2018: doi: 10.1097/AOG.0000000000002575

Hale TW, Rowe HE. Medications and Mothers Milk. 17th Edition. New York, New York: Springer Publishing Company; 2017: 146-48.

Behnke M, Smith VC. Prenatal substance abuse: short- and long-term effects on the exposed fetus. Pediatrics. 2013;131(3):e1009-24.

Mohrbacher N. Breastfeeding Answers Made Simple. Amarillo, Texas: Hale Publishing, 2010: 543.

Garry A, Rigourd V, Amirouche A, Fauroux V, Aubry S, Serreau R. Cannabis and breastfeeding. J Toxicol. 2009;2009:596149. Epub 2009 Apr 29.

Djulus J, Moretti M, Koren G. Marijuana use and breastfeeding. Can Fam Physician. 2005 Mar;51:349-50.

Liston J. Breastfeeding and the use of recreational drugs–alcohol, caffeine, nicotine and marijuana. Breastfeed Rev. 1998 Aug;6(2):27-30.

Dreher MC, Nugent K, Hudgins R. Prenatal marijuana exposure and neonatal outcomes in Jamaica: an ethnographic study. Pediatrics. 1994 Feb;93(2):254-60.

Hayes JS, Lampart R, Dreher MC, Morgan L. Five-year follow-up of rural Jamaican children whose mothers used marijuana during pregnancy. West Indian Med J. 1991 Sep;40(3):120-3.

Astley SJ, Little RE. Maternal marijuana use during lactation and infant development at one year. Neurotoxicol Teratol. 1990 Mar-Apr;12(2):161-8.

Tennes K, Avitable N, Blackard C, Boyles C, Hassoun B, Holmes L, and Kreye M. 1985. PDF Marijuana: prenatal and postnatal exposure in the human. In: Current research on the consequences of maternal drug abuse. NIDA Res Monogr. 1985;59:48-60.

Breastfeeding and Contraception: Excellent Tips On How To Choose

Breastfeeding and Birth control are important!

Most women of child bearing age often wonder if one can become pregnant while breastfeeding. I know this was a question I pondered on at some time. After going through childbirth experience, I am sure that the majority of women would op to at least a year or two break from pregnancy.

Research has shown that the chances of a woman getting pregnant while breastfeeding is reduced, the possible chances are there.

Knowing When To Start Is Important

During pregnancy a woman and her partner should have already discussed their contraception method with their healthcare practitioner. Nowadays, many couples have more options. Many contraceptives can be started immediately after birth

  • including intrauterine devices (IUDs)
  • arm implants, Depo-Provera® shots
  • and progestin-only pills.
  • The most effective contraceptives are intrauterine devices (IUDs such as Mirena® and ParaGard®), and the arm implant called Nexplanon®.
  • This means there is a much lower chance of getting pregnant when using an IUD or an arm implant, as compared to a birth control pill
  • Depo-Provera shot, condoms, or any other contraceptive.

It is important for you to know your safest methods to use because you do not want to jeopardize your breastfeeding success.

Non-hormonal methods of contraception

  • Condoms with or without spermicides: These can be used with no impact on breastfeeding. The vagina of the nursing mother might be dryer than normal, which can make condoms irritating. If this is a problem, use additional lubrication. It is important to know that this method has a much higher chance of pregnancy as compared to the hormonal methods.
  • Barrier methods: These methods, such as the diaphragm and cervical cap with spermicides, have no effect on breastfeeding. Check with your clinician to refit the device because you might need a larger device after having a child. It is important to know that this method has a much higher chance of pregnancy as compared to the hormonal methods.
  • PARAGARD is an intrauterine device (IUD), which is non-hormonal. This type of IUD is made of copper. The IUD does not affect the quality and quantity of breast milk. PARAGARD IUD is safe and effective for 10 years.
  • Tubal sterilization: This is a surgical, permanent form of birth control, known as “having your tubes tied,” that only affects breastfeeding if general anesthesia is required. (That means you are put to sleep for the operation.) Anesthetic medicine can pass through the breast milk.

Hormonal methods of contraception

Make the right choice in your contraception decision
  • Progestin-only oral contraceptives, or “The Mini-Pill,” contain only a progestin (a female hormone). The method, when used daily, is highly effective for breastfeeding women. This method of contraception has a slightly higher failure rate than oral contraceptives (OCs) containing both estrogen and progestin. During breastfeeding, however, women are not as fertile. A small amount of hormone passes into the breast milk but has no known bad effects on the infant. In fact, some studies have suggested a good effect on the quantity and quality of breast milk. When the woman stops breastfeeding the baby, or when menses returns, some clinicians suggest switching to combination OCs, which have a slightly higher effectiveness.
  • Combination oral contraceptives, or “The Pill,” contain both estrogen and progestin. The American Academy of Pediatrics has approved the use of low-dose OCs in breastfeeding women once milk production is well established.
  • (NuvaRing®) and a skin patch (Ortho Evra®) contain estrogen and progestin, similar to combination oral contraceptives, or “The Pill.” You should discuss with your doctor if this is an appropriate option for you during breastfeeding. Most often, products which don’t contain estrogen are preferred during breastfeeding (preferred products are Mini-Pill, IUDs, progestin only arm implants, etc.).
  • The Mirena IUD
  • releases a very small amount of hormone into the uterus, where it works locally. This IUD does not affect the quality and quantity of breast milk. The Mirena IUD is safe and effective for five years.
  • If you have an untreated genital infection, get infections easily, or have certain cancers, don’t use Mirena. Less than 1% of users get a serious pelvic infection called pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).
  • If you have persistent pelvic or stomach pain, excessive bleeding after placement, or if Mirena comes out, tell your healthcare professional (HCP). If Mirena comes out, use back-up birth control. Mirena may go into or through the wall of the uterus and cause other problems.
  • Pregnancy while using Mirena is uncommon but can be life threatening and may result in loss of pregnancy or fertility.
  • Ovarian cysts may occur but usually disappear.
  • Bleeding and spotting may increase in the first 3 to 6 months and remain irregular. Periods over time usually become shorter, lighter, or may stop.
  • Mirena does not protect against HIV or STDs.
  • Only you and your HCP can decide if Mirena is right for you. Mirena is available by prescription only
  • Medroxyprogesterone (Depo Provera): This is an injection or shot that can be safely used during breastfeeding and does not suppress milk production. At least one study suggests that this method of contraception might have a beneficial effect on the quality of breast milk in terms of its fat concentration, calories, minerals, and protein composition. As a Lactation Specialist, I would recommend a mom to wait to take this shot for 6 weeks. Many moms are given the shot within the few days that you are in the hospital after birth. The reason why I recommend to wait 6 weeks is because your milk supply is well established. Furthermore, if you exclusively breastfeeding, giving no bottles, you will not ovulate. You should not use if you have liver disease, blood clots or strokes, gallbladder disease, cancer of the breast or reproductive organs should not use the Depo Provera.
  • Nexplanon, a progestin-only implant is inserted into the upper arm. This is done via a simple office procedure. This is one of the most effective birth control options, and is effective for three years. This can be inserted immediately after delivery of the baby.

Remember: If you are at risk for a sexually transmitted disease (STD), use condoms to protect yourself. Sexually transmitted diseases can happen to anyone who is sexually active, even during breastfeeding. Don’t stop taking or using your birth control method on your own. Always call your clinician if you have any questions.

I hope you become more knowledgeable in how contraceptions work.; especially if you are breastfeeding. Letting your healthcare provider know that you plan to breastfeed after having baby is important . Make sure that they give you the one you are interested in and learn about it, including the side effects. Thank you for stopping by and visit again. If you have any questions, you can let me know below. I wish you a happy, healthy, and safe breastfeeding journey.

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Breastfeeding and Dads: The Ultimate Guide For Dads

Dad & Baby! Amazing!

You may be wondering , how does breastfeeding affect dad? I believe it does have some effect on them.My husband I can happily say, he wanted me to invest in breastfeeding our children. Not many fathers are happy about having their partner breastfeed for various reasons. But lets ask the question…for real. Does breastfeeding benefit dads? Honestly I think there are many benefits.

It gives them an opportunity to help out with chores, focus on important matters to make the family better, take really special care of mom, build confidence knowing that mom is giving his baby the best nutrition ever. Some men admire how the breasts plump up so much during pregnancy and lactation. This helps to see their partners more sexier!

Moms Beware! Don’t Leave Dad Out

I had an experience where I found myself leaving my husband out of everything after our first child was born. I was so consumed in the baby. Mamas do not make the mistake I made. Keep those fathers involved. Even though they might not appear withdrawn, do all you can to keep you relationship in good condition.There are many ways I did this after the other kids were born.Here is a list of some of the things we didi:

  • Spent time talking after baby went to sleep
  • Took a break to spend time together while a relative watched baby
  • Spent time in prayer and reading the bible
  • Cooked his favorite meals
  • Surprised him with his favorite things. Just to see the smile on his face lit up my day.

There were times when I noticed that he looked a bit withdrawn and lonely. I would call him to come and help me out with baby. the father’s perspective, which is often an overlooked aspect of breastfeeding. Researchers agree that breastfeeding is good for babies and moms. Breastmilk likely protects babies from infections, makes them less likely to become overweight, and the bacteria in breastmilk builds the foundation of an infants’ gut microbiome — the ecosystem of microbes inside the digestive system that can help keep a person healthy throughout their life. Nursing has even been found to potentially protect mothers from some cancers and type 2 diabetes.
Babies win. Moms win. Guess what the research found? That most dads actually struggled while mothers breastfeed.

Many mothers feel they bond with their infants during their nine months of pregnancy in ways that dads just physically can’t. “What breastfeeding meant for a lot of dads was almost an extension of this exclusivity,” Sihota says — one that hinders their own chance to bond with their baby.

Breastfeeding Can Add Pressure To Dads Mental Health

Breastfeeding can take a toll on dads mental health!

Difficulty during breastfeeding, like an infant who won’t latch, can lead to even more troubles for dads. In conducting research on this subject, Francine deMontigny, a professor of nursing at the University of Quebec, found that breastfeeding problems can trickle into a marriage. Fathers are often left feeling helpless and inadequate. These insecurities, combined with the time and bodily commitments placed on their breastfeeding partners, can strain their relationships, and dad’s mental health.

Feelings of inadequacy and relationship challenges can exacerbate paternal postpartum depression, which afflicts more than ten percent of fathers, according to a large analysis. Another study found that the fathers of breastfed children had a lower quality of life than the fathers of bottle-fed children.

Breastfeeding Brings Partners Closer Together

Keep your partner close to you!

These problems are serious, Sihota says, but they don’t warrant giving up breastfeeding and picking up the bottle. For one thing, fathers’ experiences aren’t easy to pin down and there are ample studies showing breastfeeding in fact had a positive impact on dad’s life. In one study, Pakistani fathers said they felt breastfeeding brought them closer to their partners. Fathers in a different study easily found their role supporting the mother and infant during breastfeeding.

The difference between these two groups is perhaps one of finding motivation and purpose for dads. Even though mothers typically carry out the feeding, there are plenty of ways fathers can get involved and find their role in breastfeeding. They can pick up the household slack by taking charge of older children or chores, for example. Bringing a nursing mother water or the remote are small ways dads can support and make the mother comfortable while she nurses. Dads can read up about breastfeeding so that they are prepared to help troubleshoot when problems arise. There are psychological benefits to these chores: In one study, deMontigny found that fathers who took on these sorts of tasks adapted more easily to breastfeeding and felt more competent.

Dads Have A Lot To Offer

Dads have so much to offer!

But of course, bonding with baby is the big hole that dads with breastfeeding partners are trying to fill — and finding those opportunities is crucial. Fortunately, baby’s needs extend far beyond breastfeeding and dads can take on more of the other tasks, like burping and changing diapers, calming down at night, and, if moms are pumping, offering a bottle to give mom some space. Being close to baby, after all, isn’t just a psychological boost — it is part of the physiological transformation (dropping testosterone, a rise in oxytocin) that can set dads up for long-term success as a parent.

Give Fathers Time To Bond With Baby

Give dad the time he needs to bond!

Moms might help by stepping away more often to give fathers and infants alone time, deMonitigny said. Many of the men in her research were surrounded by women — their partners, mothers, and mothers-in-law — who told them how to pick up, hold, and interact with their babies. In response, some fathers withdrew. Giving dads the space to parent in their own way can give them a chance to bond, and it can be good for the baby. “The research has found that dads interact differently with a child, and that’s okay because it brings a different kind of stimulation, interaction, and information to the child, and the child benefits,” deMontigny said.

With little research and few resources to help new fathers during breastfeeding, there’s only so much families can do alone. “I think the responsibility is placed on the healthcare provider,” Sihota says, “When the mom and the dad are here and we are engaging in a conversation about infant nutrition, breastfeeding, bottle-feeding, et cetera, [we need to ask] how can we include dad?” That doesn’t mean dad can’t raise his hand and ask the same question.

How Dads Can Bond With Their Breastfed Baby

Sometimes dads worry that they’ll feel left out if their partner decides to breastfeed. But, taking care of a baby involves much more than just feeding. There are many other ways to care for and bond with your child. By spending time with your new baby, you can enjoy getting to know her while giving your wife a chance to rest. And, the more time you devote to your child, the more confident you will become in your parenting skills. Here are some ways dads can bond with a breastfed baby.

  • Holding: Pick your child up and talk to her while she’s awake and alert. At bedtime or naptime, you can rock her gently until she drifts off to sleep. When she’s sleeping, you can just sit and hold her in your arms.
  • Skin-to-Skin Contact: Direct skin-to-skin contact (kangaroo care) promotes a deep connection. When you place your newborn on your bare chest and snuggle together while your skin is touching, it stimulates the release of the hormone oxytocin. Oxytocin is responsible for love and bonding. It helps forge a close relationship between you and your child.
  • Providing Daily Infant Care: Before, during, and after breastfeeding, there will be plenty of diapers to change. Between switching breasts or after feedings, you can try to get a burp out of the baby. You can also be in charge of bath-time which may be enjoyable and soothing for both of you.
  • Having Some Fun: It’s good for you and your child to spend time playing together. When your child is a newborn or infant, you can get on the floor for a little tummy time, shake a rattle, try peek-a-boo, sing a song, or make some funny faces and noises. As your baby grows, playtime will become even more exciting.
  • Getting Out of the House: Put your baby in a sling, baby carrier, or stroller and go out for a walk. The fresh air and movement are calming, especially if the baby is fussy.

These are just some of the ways you can get involved with the care of your baby. As your baby grows, there will be so much more you will be able to do.

Fathers: Feeding Your Breastfed Baby

Das time for feeding baby will come

There will come a time when you as a father you will be able to feed your baby. Trust me that time will come in short order! Well it depends on your on your family situation. You might decide not to breastfeed. If you decide to breastfeed it would be best to wait until the breastmilk is well established which can take about 4 -6 months if mom is only breastfeeding. t some point, you’ll be able to feed your child, too. Depending on your family situation, it may be a few weeks after your child is born or after four to six months of exclusive breastfeeding; or 4-6 weeks.

  • Your wife may decide that she doesn’t want to breastfeed exclusively, so she may pump breast milk to give to the baby in a bottle or use infant formula for some feedings.
  • After a few weeks, your partner may have to return to work or spend time away from the baby on occasion. You may start bottle feeding at that time.
  • If you and your wife decide she will breastfeed exclusively for the first four to six months, then you’ll get to introduce his first solid foods when he’s ready.

It may seem like you’re being left out of feedings in the beginning, but it’s only for a short time and the time goes quickly. Before you know it, your child will be eating all sorts of things that you can help prepare and serve. I encourage you to stay involved and committed to this journey because it is worth it!


Dad should be included in every aspect of pregnancy because his role is vital to the success of breastfeeding. If dad begins to withdraw from the relationship, this could mean the end of breastfeeding for Mom and baby. Difficulty with breastfeeding can result in dad adding pressure on Mom not to breastfeed because he is not apart of the experience. So moms please keep dad involved for the sake of you and baby. Its just too much to loose.

Thank you for stopping by. I hope you learned something. I encourage you to support and love one another. The postpartum period can be overwhelming, but God has given you the power to be courageous and strong. I wish you a happy, safe, and healthy breastfeeding with baby and dad. If you like, you can comment below. Please stop by again.

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Here is a great video I found for you to watch. Enjoy!

Dad, your new role is so important!


There are a quite amount of women who are in need of pharmacological treatment while nursing. However, a strong concern is raised regarding the safety of psychotropic drug use in women who choose to breastfeed while taking these medications. While many women with postpartum illness delay treatment because they are worried that the medications they take may harm the nursing infant, the accumulated data indicates that the risk of adverse events in the nursing infant is low.

Lets Examine The General Principles

Did you know that there are many women who require psychiatric medications want to breastfeed? Lets face it, there are many benefits to breastfeeding, I can understand why some of these women want to breastfeed their little star. Given the many benefits of breastfeeding, some women taking psychiatric medications may wish to nurse their infants. When making this decision, several variables must be considered. These include the known and unknown risks of medication exposure for the baby via breast milk, the effects of untreated illness in the mother, and the benefits of and maternal preferences for breastfeeding. There are established health benefits of breastfeeding for babies and mothers.

Efforts have been made to quantify the amount of psychotropic medications and their metabolites in the breast milk of nursing mothers. In order to more accurately measure the infant’s exposure to medication, serum drug levels in the infant have also been assessed. From the available data, it appears that all medications, including antidepressants, antipsychotic agents, mood stabilizers, and benzodiazepines, are secreted into the breast milk. However, concentrations of these agents in breast milk vary considerably. The amount of medication to which an infant is exposed depends on several factors- pertaining to the specific medication, the maternal dosage of medication, the frequency of dosing and infant feedings, and the rate of maternal drug metabolism.

How Does Psychiatric Medication Affects Gestation?

The decision to breastfeed while taking medications is more complicated when a baby is premature or has medical complications. The nursing infant’s chances of experiencing toxicity are dependent not only on the amount of medication ingested but also on how well any ingested medication is metabolized. Most psychotropic medications are metabolized by the liver.

During the first few weeks of a full-term infant’s life, there is a lower capacity for hepatic drug metabolism, which is about one-third to one-fifth of the adult capacity. Over the next few months, the capacity for hepatic metabolism increases significantly and, by about 2 to 3 months of age, it surpasses that of adults. In premature infants or in infants with signs of compromised hepatic metabolism (e.g., hyperbilirubinemia), breastfeeding typically is deferred because these infants are less able to metabolize drugs and may be more likely to experience adverse events.

Antidepressants: What Are The Risks?

Antidepressants in general are considered to be relatively safe for use during breastfeeding when clinically warranted, and SSRIs in particular are one of the best studied classes of medications during breastfeeding. Excellent and thorough reviews on the topic of antidepressants and breastfeeding have been published (Burt 2001Weissman 2004). In the most rigorous studies, nursing women have repeatedly provided breast milk samples and infant blood samples in order for investigators to quantify medication exposure to the infant.

Data have accumulated regarding the use of various antidepressant medications during breastfeeding. Available data on the use of tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs), fluoxetine, paroxetine, and sertraline during breastfeeding have been encouraging and suggest that the amounts of drug to which the nursing infant is exposed is low and that significant complications related to neonatal exposure to antidepressants in breast milk appear to be rare. Typically very low or non-detectable levels of drug have been detected in the infant serum, and one recent report indicates that exposure to medication in breast milk does not result in clinically significant blockade of serotonin (5-HT) reuptake in infants.

Although less information is available on other antidepressants, serious adverse events related to exposure to these medications have not been reported. There have been a small number of case reports of adverse events in infants exposed to antidepressants in breast milk, including jitteriness, irritability, excessive crying, sleep disturbance, and feeding problems. In many cases it has not been possible to establish a causal link between these events and exposure to drug.

Many clinicians and their patients ask which antidepressant is the “safest” for breastfeeding. It is somewhat misleading to say that certain medications are “safer” than others. All medications taken by the mother are secreted into the breast milk, and there is no evidence to suggest that certain antidepressants pose significant risks to the nursing infant.

In terms of selecting an appropriate antidepressant, one should try to choose an antidepressant for which there are data to support its safety during breastfeeding (i.e., sertraline, paroxetine, fluoxetine, tricyclic antidepressants). However, some situations may warrant the use of antidepressants with less available safety data. For example, if a woman has responded to a particular antidepressant in the past, it would be reasonable to consider using that antidepressant again. If she has been taking an antidepressant during the course of her pregnancy and has been doing well, it would be prudent to continue with that same antidepressant after delivery, as switching to another antidepressant may put her at increased risk for relapse.

We do not regularly measure drug levels in the breastfeeding mother or baby; however, there may be certain situations where information on exposure to drug in the child may help make decisions regarding treatment. If there is a significant change in the child’s behavior (e.g., irritability, sedation, feeding problems, or sleep disturbance), an infant serum drug level may be obtained. If levels are high, breastfeeding may be suspended. Similarly if the mother is taking a particularly high dosage of medication, it may be helpful to measure drug levels in the infant to determine the degree of exposure.

How Will Anti-Anxiety Agents Affect Me Breastfeeding?

Given the prevalence of anxiety symptoms during the postpartum period, anxiolytic agents are often used in this setting. Data regarding the use of benzodiazepines have been limited; however, the available data suggest that amounts of medication to which the nursing infant is exposed are low. Case reports of sedation, poor feeding, and respiratory distress in nursing infants have been published; however, the data, when pooled, suggest a relatively low incidence of adverse events in infants exposed to benzodiazepines in the breast milk.

What About Mood Stabilizers?

For women with bipolar disorder, breastfeeding may pose more significant challenges. First, on-demand breastfeeding may significantly disrupt the mother’s sleep and thus may increase her vulnerability to relapse during the acute postpartum period. Second, there have been reports of toxicity in nursing infants related to exposure to various mood stabilizers, including lithium and carbamazepine, in breast milk.

What About Lithium? Is it safe?

Lithium is excreted at relatively high levels in the mother’s milk, and infant serum levels are about one-third to one-half of the mother’s serum levels. Reported signs of toxicity in nursing infants have included cyanosis, hypotonia, and hypothermia. Although breastfeeding typically is avoided in women taking lithium, some women may choose to use lithium while nursing. In this setting, the lowest possible effective dosage should be used and both maternal and infant serum lithium levels should be followed. In collaboration with the pediatrician, the child should be monitored closely for signs of lithium toxicity, and lithium levels, thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and creatinine should be monitored every 6-8 weeks while the child is nursing.

Several recent studies have suggested that lamotrigine reaches infants through breast milk in variable doses, with infant serum levels ranging from 20%-50% of the mother’s serum concentrations. In addition, maternal serum levels of lamotrigine increase significantly after delivery, which may contribute to the high levels found in nursing infants. None of these studies have reported any adverse events in breastfeeding newborns. To read more on the safety of lamotrigine versus lithium, please reference this past blog.


One worry shared by clinicians and new mothers is the risk for Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS). This is a severe, potentially life-threatening rash, most commonly resulting from a hypersensitivity reaction to a medication, which occurs in about 0.1% of bipolar patients treated with lamotrigine. Thus far, there have been no reports of SJS in infants associated with exposure to lamotrigine. In fact, it appears that cases of drug-induced SJS are extremely rare in newborns. Despite the variable levels of medication found in infants in studies to date, none of these studies have reported any adverse events in the breastfeeding newborns. More research is required to assess the safety of lamotrigine in nursing infants, and decisions regarding the use of this drug in breastfeeding women involves a careful consideration of the risks and benefits of using this medication.

Although the American Academy of Pediatrics has deemed both carbamazepine (Tegretol) and valproic acid (Depakote) to be appropriate for use in breastfeeding mothers, few studies have assessed the impact of these agents on infant well-being. Both of these mood stabilizers have been associated in adults with abnormalities in liver function and fatal hepatotoxicity. Hepatic dysfunction secondary to carbamazepine exposure in breast milk has been reported several times. Most concerning is that the risk for hepatotoxicity appears to be greatest in children younger than 2 years of age; thus, nursing infants exposed to these agents may be particularly vulnerable to serious adverse events. In those women who choose to use valproic acid or carbamazepine while nursing, routine monitoring of drug levels and liver function tests in the infant is recommended. In this setting, ongoing collaboration with the child’s pediatrician is crucial.

Antipsychotic Agents

Information regarding the use of antipsychotic drugs is limited and is particularly lacking for the newer atypical agents. While the use of chlorpromazine has been associated with adverse events including sedation and developmental delay, adverse events appear to be rare when medium- or high-potency agents are used.

Less data, however, is available on the atypical antipsychotic agents. Data on clozapine suggest that it may be concentrated in the breast milk; however, there are no data on infant serum levels, making it difficult to interpret the relevance of this finding. Given the severity of adverse events associated with clozapine exposure in adults (i.e., decreased white blood cell count), the use of this medication should be reserved for those with treatment-refractory illness, and monitoring of white blood cell counts in the nursing infant is mandatory.

There is very limited data on the use of other atypical antipsychotic agents during lactation; however, limited data available on olanzapine, risperidone, and quetiapine suggest that the excretion of these medications in breast milk is low and that adverse effects appear to be rare. Monitoring of the infant is encouraged, as there has been one report of an infant who had sedation on a higher dose of olanzapine, which resolved after the mother’s dose was halved to 5mg/day. To date, there have been no reports on the use of the antipsychotic medications, ziprasidone (Geodon) and aripiprazole (Abilify) while breastfeeding.

Treatment Guidelines

Consultations regarding the safety of psychiatric medications in breastfeeding women should include a discussion of the known benefits of breastfeeding to mother and infant and the possibility that exposure to medications in the breast milk may occur. Although routine assay of infant serum drug levels was recommended in earlier treatment guidelines, this procedure is probably not warranted; in most instances low or non-detectable infant serum drug levels will be evident and serious adverse side effects are rarely reported. This testing is indicated, however, if neonatal toxicity related to drug exposure is suspected. Infant serum monitoring is also indicated when the mother is nursing while taking lithium, valproic acid, carbamazepine, or clozapine.

We have varying amounts of study pertaining to individual medications, with SSRIs being among the best studied medications in breastfeeding. Also, data that is available informs most specifically on the short-term safety of these medications, and long term systematic data are unavailable. Therefore, in each individual case, the known and unknown risks of exposure must be balanced with the risks of untreated maternal illness in the mother and her desire to breastfeed.

For the latest information on breastfeeding and psychiatric medication, please visit our blog.

How do I get an appointment?

Despite the high rate of postpartum depression seen in women after childbirth, the illness is frequently not treated because of women’s wish to breastfeed. Clinical consultation is offered to women who may benefit from use of medication while breastfeeding, taking into account all available information regarding the safety of this practice during lactation. Consultations regarding treatment options can be scheduled by calling our intake coordinator at 617-724-7792.

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Hello Mamas. What a topic we have today – Botox. A very popular topic indeed. I am so happy to share with you, current information about this drug as it relates to breastfeeding.

Every mother wants to maintain her youthful appearance while breastfeeding. Some women can have an attractive Mothers may be keen to maintain their youthful skin even while breastfeeding. To some, Botox may be an attractive treatment, as it can provide immediate relief to wrinkles and creases on the face. Did you know that in the US there are over 7 million users of Botox since 2017? The biggest issue with Botox is how safe is it?

What Is Botox?

There are many legitimate advantages and concerns with Botox. For one, it contains the neuromodulator onabotulinum toxin type A, a drug that is produced from Clostridium botulinum, which can stop muscle contractions by blocking the transmission of acetylcholine to muscles.

This mechanism of action is effective for various muscle spasm-based conditions, including cosmetic indications like glabellar lines in between the eyebrows, forehead lines, and canthal lines drawn by the orbicularis oculi muscle at the corner of the eye. The constant muscle movement may deepen these folds. A simple Botox injection can help to relax these muscles and smooth the skin’s complexion.

Botox in breastfeeding mothers: No Evidence Of Its Effects

As of now, there is no significant data regarding the presence of Botox in human milk, how it affects the milk production process, and how or if it has any effect on the breastfed child. Because of this lack data, many healthcare professionals do not recommend Botox treatments for nursing women.

Some researchers have pointed out that the large size of Botox particles may inhibit its infiltration into the systematic circulation of the body. Additionally, Tthe lack of evidence of Botox’s effects on lactation can also be attributed to the low dose of Botox that has been administered into mothers in previous cases.

On the other hand, Botox is still considered a suitable medication for non-cosmetic purposes such as cervical dystonia. Botox should be prescribed under a doctor’s discretion and only if it is determined that the potential positive outcomes from a Botox treatment outweighs its risks. Certain off-label uses of Botox can be applied if it is medically necessary.

Some mothers undergoing Botox treatments had concerns about Botox’s possible adverse effects on them and they resorted to a technique dubbed “pump and dump.” This is a method where women would express the milk and throw it out in the hope that harmful substances can be expelled along the way. However, this method does not affect the metabolization of Botox; it only affects the supply of breast milk. Plus, there is also no clear indication of botulinum toxin being metabolized in breast milk.

It is always better for a nursing mother to consult with their doctor about their suitability for receiving Botox.

Alternatives to Botox for breastfeeding mothers

If Botox is not recommended for nursing mothers, what other methods should they seek out?

Hyaluronic acid fillers such as Restylane or Juvederm may be suitable treatment choices because these substances’ high compatibility with the human body. Unfortunately, these too are under heavy usage restrictions with breastfeeding mothers because of a lack of data on their safety for that demographic.

What about mechanical aesthetic treatments, such as microdermabrasion and microneedling? Or even traditional procedures like acupuncture?

These methods are also dubious, although some physicians may be more lenient in terms of using them as compared to Botox. Postpartum patients who are still breastfeeding may have very sensitive skin that does not respond well to these methods. However, the use of shallow needles and less chemicals/substances like topical anesthetics may make these skin rejuvenating techniques more appropriate.

Overall, most doctors would suggest that patients finish breastfeeding before seeking out Botox treatments. If patients are still desperate for treatment, there are a few home remedies and practices that they can follow, including the following:

  • Using sunscreens or sunblock when they are out;
  • Staying hydrated by drinking water;
  • Eating healthy foods, such as leafy greens, nuts, fatty fish, and avocados to repair damaged skin;
  • Using hydrating and rejuvenating topical skincare products that are rich in hyaluronic acid and glycerin;
  • Increasing the use of vitamins A, C, and E; keratin; and omega-3 supplements.

Before taking this medicine…….

You should not be treated with Botox if you are allergic to botulinum toxin, or if you have:

  • an infection in the area where the medicine will be injected; or
  • (for overactive bladder and incontinence) if you have a current bladder infection or if you are unable to urinate and you do not routinely use a catheter.

To make sure Botox is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have ever had:

  • other botulinum toxin injections such as Dysport or Myobloc (especially in the last 4 months);
  • amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, or “Lou Gehrig’s disease“);
  • myasthenia gravis;
  • Lambert-Eaton syndrome;
  • a side effect after prior use of botulinum toxin;
  • a breathing disorder such as asthma or emphysema;
  • problems with swallowing;
  • facial muscle weakness (droopy eyelids, weak forehead, trouble raising your eyebrows);
  • a change in the normal appearance of your face;
  • bleeding problems; or
  • surgery (especially on your face).

The botulinum toxin contained in Botox can spread to other body areas beyond where it was injected. This can cause serious life-threatening side effects.

Call your doctor at once if you have a hoarse voice, drooping eyelids, vision problems, severe eye irritation, severe muscle weakness, loss of bladder control, or trouble breathing, talking, or swallowing.

Bottom Line

Due to the lack of convincing evidence on its safety, most doctors would steer away from prescribing Botox to their nursing patients. Although there have been no explicit claims that Botox can pass through the breast milk or affect its production, there are no significant results or studies that have said otherwise.

Ultimately, patients should inform their doctors if they are breastfeeding to avoid any misunderstandings or complications with treatments. Your doctor will determine whether Botox is suitable at the time.

Note on articles: These articles are not endorsed by DoctorMedica nor reviewed for medical accuracy. Similarly, views and opinions expressed are those of the author only. Articles are meant for informational purposes only. Ask your doctor for professional medical advice.

Thank you for stopping by . I sure hope you learned something. It is not a good decision to breastfeed it you plan to get this type of treatment. You must by all means make the choice to maintain the safety factor for your little star. If you have any comments or questions feel free to comment below. I wish you a safe, happy, and healthy breastfeeding journey.

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Here is a great video about botox and breastfeeding. Enjoy! as you learn

The Best Books For Breastfeeding And Pregnancy: Review

Breastfeeding indeed is a natural way to breastfeed, but it can be difficult sometimes. Reading books are an excellent way for mothers to be can learn about breastfeeding. There are many authors who have dedicated their time and efforts into putting the information you need into books. If you are an avid reader, you will enjoy reading these books by well known authors about breastfeeding. I hope you enjoy the reviews and make a good choice. I have also included some paid links to help you purchase. Here we go:

  1. Name of book: Dr. Jack Newman’s Guide to Breastfeeding Paperback – August 7, 2015

Place of purchase: Amazon

Price: $21.77

What is the awesome book about?

Breastfeeding is the natural and healthy way to nourish your baby, yet it’s not always easy. New mothers need practical information about getting off to a good start and solving breastfeeding challenges. Health professionals need this information too, because it is rarely taught in medical school. Dr. Jack Newman’s Guide to Breastfeeding covers the most common problems and questions that mothers encounter: – How do I help my baby to get a good latch – How can I know if my baby is getting enough milk – How can I help him get more? – Can I avoid sore nipples? – Will my medication affect my baby? – How do I fit breastfeeding into my life when I’m so busy? The answers are here. Dr. Jack Newman and Teresa Pitman are two of the world’s foremost lactation experts and have helped tens of thousands of new mothers find solutions that work. In this comprehensive guide, they share the most current information about breastfeeding and provide new, effective strategies and solutions to make breastfeeding work for you. Here is the paid link to this awesome book.

2. Name of book: The Womanly Art of Breastfeeding: Completely Revised and Updated 8th Edition Paperback – Illustrated, July 13, 2010

Place of purchase: Amazon

Price: $15:52

About this book:

It’s no secret that breastfeeding is the normal, healthy way to nourish and nurture your baby. Dedicated to supporting nursing and expectant mothers, the internationally respected La Leche League has set the standard for educating and empowering mothers in this natural art for generations.

Now their classic bestselling guide has been retooled, refocused, and updated for today’s mothers and lifestyles. Working mothers, stay-at-home moms, single moms, and mothers of multiples will all benefit from the book’s range of nursing advice, stories, and information—from preparing for breastfeeding during pregnancy to feeding cues, from nursing positions to expressing and storing breast milk. With all-new photos and illustrations, this ultimate support bible offers

• real-mom wisdom on breastfeeding comfortably—from avoiding sore nipples to simply enjoying the amazing bonding experience
• new insights into old approaches toward latching and attaching, ages and stages, and answers to the most-asked questions
• strategies for moms who choose to breastfeed for a short time or who plan to nurse for a year or more 
• reassuring information on nursing after a C-section or delivery complications
• recent scientific data that highlight the many lifelong health benefits of breastfeeding
• helpful tips for building your support network—at home or when back at work
• nursing special-needs infants, premies, multiples, and how to thrive no matter what curveball life throws
• guidance on breast health issues, weight gain, day care, colic, postpartum depression, food allergies, and medications

Plus—Internet references for further information, including La Leche League support sites and groups.

Mothers bringing babies into a new world want sustainable, healthy, positive ways to help their children blossom and thrive. There is no better beginning for your baby than the womanly art of breastfeeding. Here is the paid link to this incredible book.

3. Name of book: Ina May’s Guide to Childbirth “Updated With New Material” Paperback – Illustrated, March 4, 2003

Place of purchase: Amazon

Price: $11:72

What you need to know to have the best birth experience for you. Drawing upon her thirty-plus years of experience, Ina May Gaskin, the nation’s leading midwife, shares the benefits and joys of natural childbirth by showing women how to trust in the ancient wisdom of their bodies for a healthy and fulfilling birthing experience. Based on the female-centered Midwifery Model of Care, Ina May’s Guide to Natural Childbirth gives expectant mothers comprehensive information on everything from the all-important mind-body connection to how to give birth without technological intervention.

Filled with inspiring birth stories and practical advice, this invaluable resource includes:

• Reducing the pain of labor without drugs–and the miraculous roles touch and massage play
• What really happens during labor
• Orgasmic birth–making birth pleasurable
• Episiotomy–is it really necessary?
• Common methods of inducing labor–and which to avoid at all costs
• Tips for maximizing your chances of an unmedicated labor and birth
• How to avoid postpartum bleeding–and depression
• The risks of anesthesia and cesareans–what your doctor
doesn’t necessarily tell you
• The best ways to work with doctors and/or birth care providers
• How to create a safe, comfortable environment for
birth in any setting, including a hospital
• And much more

Ina May’s Guide to Natural Childbirth takes the fear out of childbirth by restoring women’s faith in their own natural power to give birth with more ease, less pain, and less medical intervention. Here is the link to this spectacular book

4. Name of book: Breastfeeding Made Simple: Seven Natural Laws for Nursing Mothers Paperback – Illustrated, December 1, 2010

Place of purchase: Amazon

# 1 Best seller


About this book:

Breastfeeding may be natural, but it may also be more challenging than you expect. Some mothers encounter doubts and difficulties, from struggling with the first few feedings to finding a gentle and loving way to comfortably wean from the breast.

This second edition of Breastfeeding Made Simple is an essential guide to breastfeeding that every new and expectant mom should own-a comprehensive resource that takes the mystery out of basic breastfeeding dynamics. Understanding the seven natural laws of breastfeeding will help you avoid and overcome challenges such as low milk production, breast refusal, weaning difficulties, and every other obstacle that can keep you from enjoying breastfeeding your baby.

Breastfeeding Made Simple will help you to:• Find comfortable, relaxing breastfeeding positions
• Establish ample milk production and a satisfying breastfeeding rhythm with your baby
• Overcome discomfort and mastitis
• Use a breast pump to express and store milk
• Easily transition to solid foods. Here is the paid link to for this wonderful book

5. Name of book: Real Food for Pregnancy: The Science and Wisdom of Optimal Prenatal Nutrition Paperback 

Place of purchase: Amazon

Price: $26.28

Prenatal nutrition can be confusing. A lot of the advice you have been given about what to eat (or what not to eat) is well-meaning, but frankly, outdated or not evidenced-based. In Real Food for Pregnancy, you will get clear answers on what to eat and why, with research to back up every recommendation. Author and specialist in prenatal nutrition, Lily Nichols, RDN, CDE, has taken a long and hard look at the science and discovered a wide gap between current prenatal nutrition recommendations and what foods are required for optimal health in pregnancy and for your baby’s development. There has never been a more comprehensive and well-referenced resource on prenatal nutrition. With Real Food for Pregnancy as your guide, you can be confident that your food and lifestyle choices support a smooth, healthy pregnancy. Here is the paid link to this excellent book.

6. Name of book: What to Expect When You’re Expecting Paperback – Illustrated, May 31, 2016

Place of purchase: Amazon

Best seller

Price: $9.89

More about this book:

America’s pregnancy bible answers all your baby questions.

  • When can I take home a pregnancy test?
  • How can I eat for two if I’m too queasy to eat for one?
  • Can I keep up my spinning classes?
  • Is fish safe to eat? And what’s this I hear about soft cheese?
  • Can I work until I deliver? What are my rights on the job?
  • I’m blotchy and broken out—where’s the glow?
  • Should we do a gender reveal? What about a 4-D ultrasound?
  • Will I know labor when I feel it?

Your pregnancy explained and your pregnant body demystified, head (what to do about those headaches) to feet (why they’re so swollen), back (how to stop it from aching) to front (why you can’t tell a baby by mom’s bump). Filled with must-have information, practical advice, realistic insight, easy-to-use tips, and lots of reassurance, you’ll also find the very latest on prenatal screenings, which medications are safe, and the most current birthing options—from water birth to gentle C-sections. Your pregnancy lifestyle gets equal attention, too: eating (including food trends) to coffee drinking, working out (and work) to sex, travel to beauty, skin care, and more. Have pregnancy symptoms? You will—and you’ll find solutions for them all. Expecting multiples? There’s a chapter for you. Expecting to become a dad? This book has you covered, too. Here is the link to this treasure.

7. Name of book: Growing You: Keepsake Pregnancy Journal and Memory Book for Mom and Baby Hardcover – March 17, 2020

Place of purchase: Amazon


Every pregnancy should be unique. Documenting those precious moments can be rewarding to read for years to come. A journal is a great tool to capture your special moments with child. Here is the paid link to this magnificent book.

Our book reviews are completed. I am more than delighted to have had this opportunity to have you review them with me. If you are like me, I love to read. Your pregnancy and breastfeeding are extremely important hence , the need to know as much as possible. After all, your little star deserves it. Thank you for stopping by and do visit us again. It is my hope that your pregnancy, labor, and postpartum are really going well. You can comment below if you like. I would love to hear from you.

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Breastfeeding And Alcohol: How Safe Is It?

I have nursed many mothers who have questioned how safe it is to breastfeed and drink alcohol. They want to know what are the possible effects on their new baby. This is a very interesting topic of course, because most mothers do not want to put their baby at risk. After having a baby, it can put one in a celebratory mood; especially after abstaining for nine months. Probably a little wine would not hurt.

Did you know that 50% of the women who breastfeed drink alcohol? Yep! This is common in the Western culture In fact you might have heard it said that beer or alcohol is actually good for breastfeeding .Surprisingly, it seems that drinking alcohol is more dangerous during pregnancy than afterwards but both can still have negative effects on your baby. Drinking 1 glass of beer or wine per day, according to Toxnet Library of Medicine will not cause any negative effects. Here is the caution, anything of 2 drinks or more can have an effect on your baby by:

  • Poor growth and development
  • Poor sleep
  • Agitation
  • Drowsiness

Guidelines for Alcohol and Breastfeeding:

  • Mama, you can reduce alcohol in the breastmilk by waiting 2-2.5 hours per drink before nursing.
  • Nursing or pumping within 1 hour before drinking alcohol may slightly reduce the amount of alcohol in breastmilk.
  • The highest alcohol levels in milk occur 30 to 60 minutes after an alcoholic beverage.
  • The breastmilk alcohol level closely parallels the blood alcohol level. As the blood alcohol level goes down, so does the breastmilk alcohol level.
  • Alcohol decreases milk production, with 5 drinks or more decreasing milk letdown and disrupting nursing until maternal alcohol levels decrease. Now you can see that the more alcohol you drink the more you reduce your milk supply. This is the time to think deeply about the needs of your baby than the needs of yourself. Your baby’s growth and development is so important right now and also your peace of mind.

What Are The Experts Saying?

Every breastfeeding Mom should consider her limits with alcohol and breastfeeding!

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that alcohol intake by a breastfeeding mom who chooses to drink should only be occasional.

This group also recommends drinking no more than a moderate amount of alcohol at one time, which for a 130-lb. woman is equivalent to 2 ounces of liquor, 8 ounces of wine, or two beers. They also recommend that you wait 2 hours or more after drinking alcohol before you breastfeed your baby.

“The effects of alcohol on the breastfeeding baby are directly related to the amount the mother ingests. When the breastfeeding mother drinks occasionally or limits her consumption to one drink or less per day, the amount of alcohol her baby receives has not been proven to be harmful.”

— The Womanly Art of Breastfeeding, a book published by La Leche League. Here is a paid link you can make a purchase if you like right here.

And according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)Trusted Source, “Not drinking alcohol is the safest option for breastfeeding mothers. However, moderate alcohol consumption (up to 1 drink per day) is not known to be harmful to the infant.”

In 2013, a group of Danish researchers conducted a review of literature evaluating the results from 41 previous studies about drinking alcohol while breastfeeding.

Their conclusion was that the effects of long-term exposure to alcohol through breastfeeding aren’t known for sure.

However, their research indicated that if a breastfeeding mom doesn’t exceed the amount of alcohol considered safe for all women (one drink per day), her baby shouldn’t be exposed to enough alcohol to have any harmful effect. Because of this, they stated that special precautions for breastfeeding mothers aren’t necessary. However I think it is fitting for all breastfeeding Moms to know is that occasional drinking can become addictive.

However, other experts, such as those at the Mayo Clinic, state that there’s no amount of alcohol that has been proven safe for a baby to drink. (Yes, you read that right — for a baby to drink.) So if you’re going to drink alcohol while breastfeeding, they recommend that you plan carefully so that your baby isn’t exposed.

Let’s look at the effects of alcohol on milk so the Mayo Clinic’s advice makes a little more sense.

Effects of alcohol on breast milk

Alcohol passes freely and quickly from your bloodstream into your milk. So at any given time, the concentration of alcohol in your milk is similar to the concentration of alcohol in your blood. The question is — what is that proportion?

Studies on the concentration of alcohol in breast milk have demonstrated that it’s only a fraction of the amount of alcohol that mom actually drinks — about 5 to 6 percent of the weight-adjusted dose.

Just like your blood alcohol level, breast milk alcohol levels are highest about 30 to 60 minutes after a single drink.

The more you drink, the longer the alcohol stays in your bloodstream — and milk — and the higher the concentration becomes.

How quickly you metabolize alcohol is affected by your weight and your body composition.

If you have one drink, most of the alcohol should be out of your system in about 2 to 3 hours, although this can vary.

There has been some rumor that babies don’t like the taste of alcohol in breast milk and therefore will feed less, but studies have shown mixed results on this.

Effects of alcohol on baby

Older babies process alcohol more slowly than adults do

Babies up to the age of 3 months metabolize alcohol at half the speed an adult does, according to the La Leche League. Even older babies process alcohol more slowly than adults do. Your baby also has an immature liver and rapidly developing brain, which may be more susceptible to the effects of alcohol.

Having an occasional drink hasn’t been proven to have any harmful effects on nursing babies. This doesn’t mean there are no harmful effects, just that there isn’t any solid scientific evidence that confirms one way or the other.

Daily consumption of more than one drink per day or excessive drinking by a breastfeeding mother likely contributes to poor weight gain, disrupted sleep patterns, psychomotor skills delay, and possibly even cognitive delay later in life.

Babies may drink up to 20 percent less milk in the 3 to 4 hours after mom has had a drink. They also can have disrupted sleeping patternsTrusted Source after even one drink, and babies whose moms are light drinkers may sleep less than average.

A large study published in 2018 showed a connection between moms who drank while breastfeeding and lower cognitive scores when their children were 6 to 7 years old.

Researchers also found that babies who weren’t breastfed, but whose mothers drank, did not have lower cognitive scores. They concluded that this means that the actual alcohol exposure through the breast milk was responsible for the cognitive changes, and not just other factors related to moms who drink.

Animal studies have also supported these findings. But it’s not evidenced if the impact on brain development would be due to the actual alcohol (ethanol) — or the disruption in sleeping and eating that babies can experience when they ingest alcohol.

More research is needed to clarify and expand on these initial findings.powered by Rubicon Project

Effects of alcohol on mom

Alcohol reduces your milk flow!

You may have heard that alcohol can help you relax and promote milk flow, and that beer in particular can increase your milk production.

We wish this were true, but it turns out, it’s probably just an urban legend. A large number of studies have shown that alcohol actually decreases your hormonal response to your baby’s sucking, which means less milk comes out when you nurse your baby after drinking.

Having two or more drinks has been shown to decrease the letdown — milk ejection — reflex of nursing moms. Over time, this can decrease your milk supply overall due to not fully emptying the breast with each feeding.

An older studyTrusted Source actually showed a temporary 23 percent reduction in milk volume after the participating moms had just one drink.

And it’s no secret that a large amount of drinking, or being drunk, can impair your ability to safely care for your baby.

While drinking alcohol can be enjoyable, social, and help you relax, it also may add stress as you worry about whether or not it’s safe for your baby.

Should you pump and dump?

Pumping — and dumping out — breast milk after you drink alcohol does not get rid of the alcohol in your breast milk.

Alcohol doesn’t stay trapped in your milk, but rather goes up and down according to how much alcohol is in your bloodstream. So as long as there’s alcohol in your blood, there will be alcohol in your milk. If there’s no longer any alcohol in your blood, there will no longer be alcohol in your milk.

If you have two glasses of wine, pump your milk out 30 minutes later, and then nurse your baby an hour later, the new milk you produced in that time will still have alcohol in it, because your blood still has alcohol in it.

The only reason to pump after drinking is for your own physical comfort if your breasts feel too full and it’s not time to nurse your baby yet.

A more effective option is to nurse your baby immediately before having a drink, and then wait 2 to 3 hours (after a single drink) to nurse your baby again.

Alternatives to that alcoholic beverage 

Avoiding alcohol altogether while breastfeeding may offer more peace of mind — and it’s likely to be safest for breastfeeding babies. Rather than let this get you down, consider some alternatives. You can think about doing your favorite things or hobbies.

  • If you choose to avoid alcohol while nursing, there are still ways to relax and enjoy a date or girl’s night out!
  • There are a number of great mocktail recipes you can try making at home — and your other pregnant or breastfeeding friends will appreciate them too! You can also ask the bartender at your favorite spot to make you something refreshing and non-alcoholic. Not drinking can also give you some extra calories to enjoy a yummy appetizer or dessert. (Win!)
  • A hot bath, herbal teas, massage, and yoga are other ways you can relax in lieu of having a glass of wine.
  • The World Health Organization actually states that for all adults, “there is no safe level for drinking alcohol.” They have found that even moderate drinkers notice improved sleep, energy levels, weight control, and decreased risk for a number of diseases (including cancer and high blood pressure) when they stop drinking.
  • So the silver lining, should you choose to avoid alcohol while breastfeeding, is that you may notice health benefits for yourself as well as your baby.

The bottom line

Is alcohol worth decreasing your milk supply?

Alcohol that you drink while breastfeeding does indeed pass into your milk. While only a small percentage reaches your baby, babies metabolize alcohol more slowly than adults.

  • Drinking some alcohol while breastfeeding may have an impact on your baby’s sleep and milk intake. But no definitive long-term effects have been found in babies whose moms had an occasional drink while breastfeeding.
  • Drinking more alcohol while breastfeeding can affect milk supply, your baby’s sleep, gross motor development, and possibly long-term development of reasoning skills.
  • If you drink alcohol while breastfeeding, it’s best to nurse your baby right before having your drink, and then wait 2 hours or more before you nurse your baby again.
  • Should you choose not to drink alcohol at all while breastfeeding, there are other drink options you can enjoy, and other ways to relax and celebrate.

Last medically reviewed on August 27, 2019

Other resources:

Thank you for stopping by. I hope you have learned quite a bit about alcohol and breastfeeding. Even though there are no short or long term effects in having 1 drink Mama you must be careful in making it a regular habit, because it can very well become addictive. Consider trying the more natural ways to relax and celebrate might be better for you and baby. If you have any comments or questions, feel free to respond below. I value your thoughts.

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Medically reviewed by Karen Gill, M.D. — Written by Megan Dix, RN, BSN on August 27, 2019

Here a paid link to purchasing the best supplies for you and your newborn. My goal is to make your shopping easier. If you do make a purchase, I will receive a small commission. Here is another link for postpartum products.

Here is a great video about breastfeeding and alcohol. Enjoy as you continue to learn !